It is a common question in the realm of political thought as to what is original and unique about Machiavelli's thoughts. It is realized "that Machiavelli was in a sense trapped between innovation and tradition, between via antiqua and via moderna (to adopt the usage of Janet Coleman 1995), in a way that generated internal conceptual tensions within his thought as a whole and even within individual texts" (Cary Nederman). "Salient features of the distinctively Machiavellian approach to politics should be credited to an incongruity between historical circumstance and intellectual possibility" (Cary Nederman).
"Cases have been made for Machiavelli's political morality, his conception of the state, his religious views, and many other features of his work as the distinctive basis for the originality of his contribution" (Cary Nederman). His views were considered a deviation from the Greek political thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle as if his was more of the realist and the Greek philosophers' were of the idealist (Cary Nederman).
His work, The Prince discusses how a New Prince would be able to establish his authority and power as opposed to the Hereditary Prince (Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.). ...
"Machiavelli believes the ruling Prince should be the sole authority determining every aspect of the state and put in effect a policy to serve his best interests. These interests were gaining, maintaining, and expanding his political power" (azete.com)
This book has been so influential among the current politicians especially in maintaining stature and in retaining power. As observed, the modern politicians are of high stature. They are feared and therefore influential. They use their power to retain their position and wealth, but most of the time they deceive the people through empty promises and mediocre works. The modern politicians try to win the hearts of people in many ways except service. They are keen on attracting the love of people, but if it becomes impossible to be feared and to be loved, they are keen on resorting to fear as a means of controlling those under them. The modern politicians have the wisest cabinet members with strategic and well-thought of advice on running the government, but in the end, they are not implemented as it is still the politician who makes the decision about the government. The cruel politician who masks in the benevolent but self-interested servant is what the Prince portrays.
In his time, the dominant economic theory was mercantilism, the school of thought which is characterized by political and economic control of the state, wherein economic planner directed all economic activities. It was then Adam Smith was able to theorize what is now known as capitalism. In his Wealth of Nation, Adam Smith introduced the concepts of self-interest, free market or laissez faire and invisible hand. He was considered the Father of Capitalism because it was because of his theories that the market-based economic