The legacies of slavery and colonialism can help to understand the current civil war and political violence as well as human trafficking. However, the emphasis in this paper will be on human trafficking and slavery. The foundation of slavery in Sudan has its roots in frontier war zones of eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.1
One important aspect in the slavery of Sudan as well as Muslim society is that the slave will be treated as part of the family or a member of it. However, the descendents of a slave are slaves until they are freed by their master. Hence, the abolition of slavery in the West did not affect the situation in Sudan and Arab as well as African leaders of Central Sudan encouraged human trafficking on the premise of Sharia or Islamic law and encouraged the enslavement of non-Muslims. As a result non Muslims from Brazil were sent to Central Sudan that witnessed the human trafficking as the slaves from communities of Arab traders and Islamicized local leaders were sold in Central African markets. The human trafficking developed on the name of religion as the leaders started selling the people who did not embrace Islam. As it is clear that the rulers have the privilege of using the religion for their materialistic needs, the ruling group has monopolized Sudan's slave trade and that resulted in slaves being an important export commodity. As the slave ownership with the help of farming helped the merchant class to be wealthy, the leading merchants established the slave establishments. The girl slaves from the slave family were forced to do prostitution and have sent their part of the earnings to their master. The beneficiaries of the earnings of those prostitute slaves were known for their nobility and that resulted in economic development of a particular class by exploiting the slave population. In addition to that, the exploitation of slaves resulted in mobilization of labor on a large scale. The mobilization accompanied the appropriation of products of slaves. However, even in the context of mobilization, the small-scale household labor force characteristic indigenous non-Muslim societies were not eliminated. Instead to that the labor force has turned into a component of a multifaceted system of forced labor that developed the production in plantations. As mentioned earlier as the slavery is a result of war zones in the previous centuries, the territorial conquest resulted in acquisition of slaves. As enslavement and state expansion happened simultaneously, that resulted in cultural differences between different groups and developed political variations among social groups. The establishment of Funji Kingdom resulted in Islamization of Northern and Central Sudan that resulted in enslavement of non Muslims. 2
The enslavement of people enabled the people in Sudan to buy women in most states of Sudan and it is not impossible to buy a pretty girl or a boy as a slave according to your desire. The slavery in Sudan changed it into a source country for men, women and children who are trafficked for the purposes of labor as well as sexual exploitation. The slavery in Sudan has helped other Arabian countries to enjoy the fruits and labors of it. As the
Slavery is one of the aspects that results in human trafficking. Hence it is important to study about the cause of Slavery before discussing human trafficking, so that one can understand the circumstances that resulted in human trafficking. Coming to Sudan and its slavery, according to Idris Amir (2005), neither culture nor race is at the heart of the current conflict in Sudan…
The author states that greed for money and riches has triggered human trafficking where individuals concerned have their victims introduced to their evil ways of making money. The ways include introduction to prostitution and pornography, sexual exploitation in people of diverse ages; that is, children young adults and even the old.
The terms “involuntary servitude, debt bondage, and forced labor” are others names that imply some form of exploitation and the forcible detainment of another person against his or her own volition. Regardless to the name or term used human trafficking is crime, a crime against humanity and a gross violation of human rights.
Small children and women are exploited in the sex industry. These victims not only suffer physically but also psychologically .As human trafficking is a multinational setup it is likely to become income generating business for antisocial elements. Human trafficking bears its roots in Slavery .People are enslaved because of debt and are forced to work as bonded labour.
Despite of what the figures have to say, the general public is largely unaware of the issue. Most of the trafficked children have similar stories for their listeners. It begins with the impoverished and helpless children, meeting the agents who allure them into the business by offering money and/or educational benefits in return.
hich recruitment, transportation and transfer of people occurs and which uses people for purposes of exploitation in order to earn favors as well as money. Human trafficking has centered its attention on getting work done through the illicit use of threats, oppression,
and girls are forced into prostitution, men and boys into hard labor, children into sex slavery and revolutionary soldiering and babies into adoption. Poverty, female prejudice, unemployment, organized crime outfits, corruption and great prostitute demand are main causes.
While the northern region is part of the Saharan belt and is hot and arid, the cooler central belt contains an abundance of rich agricultural and grazing farms. The southern region contains dense forests and humid
The way the three women were lured into the world of sex trafficking was different, but they all suffered at the hands of the people, running brothels in New York City. Helena is a character, which was seduced by a man, lured to New York City and was then forced to work in a prostitute house. Similarly, Nadia wanted to be a supermodel and ran away from home, directly in the hands of the sex traffickers.
The author states that human trafficking does not only happen within a country’s. Human traffickers go for the weak and vulnerable members of the society who are mainly women and children. Victims of the acts include men, women and children who are cheated and driven into trafficking, grabbing from them of their power as human beings.
2 pages (500 words)Essay
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