Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Nature/nurture and personality development - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Undergraduate
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 4 (1004 words)

Summary

Theories of personality development (and psychological theories in general) make implicit assumptions about the relative contributions of nature and nurture. By considering our own personality development throughout childhood and adolescence, we can identify the influences of these two factors…

Extract of sample
Nature/nurture and personality development

Soon afterwards, the writer developed an irrational fear of heights.
Evidence indicates that specific phobias are actually multiply determined (eg, Thomas, King, & Muris, 2002), however, there is strong evidence for an observational learning component. A study by Gerull and Rapee (2002) examined the influence of parental modelling on the acquisition of fear and avoidance responses in young children, and found that responses were greater (particularly for girls) following negative reactions from their mothers.
While there is considerable evidence for a biological component in addictive behaviours such as smoking (eg, Hammersley, 1999), a study by Slomkowski, Rende, Novak, Lloyd-Richardson, and Niaura (2005) provided evidence for social factors in the aetiology of smoking behaviour. Slomkowski et al examined social connectedness between sibling pairs and its effects upon smoking in adolescence. They found that specific relationship dynamics (ie, social connectedness) underlie transmission of risk of smoking within sibships and concluded that social, rather than genetic processes, are responsible.
At around age 13 again, the writer found herself in an unattended sweet shop with a friend. The friend suggested stealing some sweets but the writer felt very strongly that this was wrong and persuaded her friend against it.
W ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Nature vs. nurture
Much is random and therefore isn't really "behavior": a flagellating protozoa isn't "looking for" food. When social scientists explain human behaviour they imply purposeful and consequential activities. It is understood that humans are aware of their own acts and those of others. In other words, human behaviours are acquired rather than natural. Instincts, which are activities that are made without learning, altered as adaptations to exact circumstances. But success in adaptation comes at a cost: instincts make organisms "puppets" of their surroundings. Anticipating a rain a frog croaks, just…
6 pages (1506 words)
Human Development and Personality
nurture debate. All have played and still play valuable roles in Psychology today when understanding cognitive development.…
5 pages (1255 words)
Influence of Parents in the Development of Children
Elders expect them to 'behave'.…
5 pages (1255 words)