Is this justifiable in terms of financial management vis--vis national interests or is it a costly yet indispensable venture This paper will argue for the case of NASA's funding as necessary.
NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is an agency of the United States Government responsible for the country's efforts in the field of space flight and discovery. It was established on July 29, 1958 by the Nautical Aeronatics and Space Act with funding amounting now at $2.4 trillion dollars. Besides from the space program, it is also responsible for long-term civilian and military aerospace research (wikipedia, NASA section).
a. AIR QUALITY MONITOR - Utilizing a NASA-developed, advanced analytical technique software package, an air quality monitor system was created, capable of separating the various gases in bulk smokestack exhaust streams and determining the amount of individual gases present within the stream for compliance with smokestack emission standards.(Smith, 201)
b. WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM - NASA-developed municipal-size water treatment system for developing nations. Called the Regenerable Biocide Delivery Unit, it uses iodine rather than chlorine to kill bacteria. (Smith, 202)
c. c. BREAST CANCER DETECTOR - A solar cell sensor is positioned directly beneath x-ray film, and determines exactly when film has received sufficient radiation and has been exposed to optimum density. Associated electronic equipment then sends a signal to cut off the x-ray source. Reduction of mammography x-ray exposure reduces radiation hazard and doubles the number of patient exams per machine.(Conway, 351)
d. AUTOMATED URINALYSIS - NASA fluid dynamics studies helped development of system that automatically extracts and transfers sediment from urine sample to an analyzer microscope, replacing the manual centrifuge method ( thespaceplace.com, NASA spinoffs.html)
e. FIREMAN'S AIR TANKS - NASA has developed Lighter-weight firefighter's air tanks. The new back-pack system weighs only 20 lbs. for 30 minute air supply - which is 13 lbs. less than conventional firefighting tanks. They are pressurized at 4,500 psia (twice current tanks). A warning device also tells the fireman when he or she is running out of air ( thespaceplace.com, NASA spinoffs.html).
From this list of devices, it is apparent that NASA has an invaluable contribution to the welfare of the general public.
2. NASA is an important and integral part of the current National Defense Strategy
It must be remembered that NASA's birth was a product of the Cold War era (Gorn 3). This was the period where the United States were vying for allegiances of other nations. To win that alliance, the two nations set out