StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Homeland Security and Government - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Homeland Security and Government

Thus the phrase- "Homeland security"; this phrase may appear relatively new but was actually coined after a series of attacks against US and its nationals around the world during 1980s and 1990s.
The U.S. military now defines homeland security as "the preparation for, prevention of, deterrence of preemption of, defense against, and response to threats and aggressions directed toward U.S. territory, sovereignty, domestic population and infrastructure; as well as crisis management, consequence management, and other domestic civil support." (1) The definition has two important constituents namely homeland defense and civil support. Homeland defense is seen as the "protection of U.S. territory, sovereignty, domestic population, and critical infrastructure against external threats and aggression," whereas while civil support is described as "support to U.S. civil authorities for domestic emergencies, and for designated law enforcement and other activities." (2)
During the Clinton administration, homeland security was an important but passively discussed issue. By the time Clinton's term ended, the notion of homeland security revolves around "national missile defense, counterterrorism, WMD preparedness, consequence management of WMD events and protection against cyber attacks." (3) The three main components of any counterterrorism strategy would thus form the basis for the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. These components were later clearly identified by President Bush's National Strategy for Homeland Security as "1) prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; 2) reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism; and 3) minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur." (4)

If Clinton administration had basically been passive about national security, then Bush administration did nothing concrete either in the first few months of entering office. His early counterterrorism policy revolved around missile defense as National Security Advisor, Condoleezza Rice said in March of 2001:

Critical infrastructure protection is a critically important issue.... Today, the cyber economy is the economy.... virtually every vital service--water supply, transportation, energy, banking and finance, telecommunications, public health ... relies upon computers and the fiber-optic lines, switchers, and routers that connect them. Corrupt those networks, and you disrupt the nation. It is a paradox of our times: the very technology that makes our economy so dynamic and our military forces so dominating--also makes us more vulnerable.... Protecting our critical infrastructure is a classic national security problem. We want to deter action against us through prevention. Deterrence worked during the Cold War. It may not work here. (5)

Though early in January 2001, Rice had ordered a review of potential threat from external forces including Al-Qaeda, there was a serious lack of concerted effort. Funds were not properly allocated and intelligence services miserably failed to assess the potential, size and impact of enemy attacks. After the attacks, the House Subcommittee on Terrorism prepared a report and found that "the failure of the intelligence community (IC) to provide adequate forewarning was affected by ...Show more


In the wake of September 11attacks, the Bush administration created the Department of Homeland Security with the primary objective to coordinate and organize efforts against terrorism and to better implement counterterrorism strategies in the United States…
Author : xander95
Homeland Security and Government essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Homeland Security and Government"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Homeland security
dness, Response and Recovery Activities and Programs in Disaster Response or Disaster? IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY QUESTION The Department of Homeland Security is entitled to enhance the security of American citizens from various types of threats. These threats range from various events of terrorism attacks, natural disaster or other large-scale emergency.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Homeland Security
The US government through Homeland Security has adopted a number of security measures an aspect that has made the country to effectively protect its investment and people. Apart from using skilled and experienced security personnel, the US government heavily relies on modern technology and effective communication system to deal with urgent security matters when they arise.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Homeland Security
The author states that the Homeland Security Act and the creation of the DHS have been instrumental in preventing any subsequent attacks within our borders, as new technologies and increased surveillance have contributed to a reduced level of terrorist threats in America. The goal of preventing future terrorist attacks has been reached by the DHS.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
U.S. Homeland Security and the Business, Government and Society
hreats to national security observed during the Clinton administration in the form of some highly successful bombings and some foiled plots, nothing significant was carried out to develop or implement counter-terrorism policies. It was only after the September 11 tragedy that
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
HomeLand Security
The introductory course tries to delve on emergence of terrorism and any kind of insecurity. How terrorist organizations operate, history, how they are formed, the past lessons learned from fighting
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Homeland Security
Although emergency management is not tasked with the responsibility of helping avert certain threats like those posed by terrorism, it is everybody’s responsibility to try to help avoid these threats. Homeland
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Homeland Security Mod #3
Homeland security in partnership with Criminal justice and planning department in US has initiated fundamental new programs and policies
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Homeland Security
The attack impelled federal officials to look into how such an occurrence was allowed to take place. After consultations, the officials came up with methods that
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Homeland Security
The Homeland Security activities are governed by the Homeland Security Act that was designed to ensure there is an inclusive national strategy that safeguards the US from attacks and terrorism. With the current issues surrounding Homeland Security, efforts
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Homeland Security
However, it experiences significant criticism over its effectiveness and ability to respond to the evolving nature of modern terrorism.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us