The teacher should explain to the students that, when they see the teacher's hand in the air, or hear a bell being sounded, they should first stop all movement, and then turn to the teacher. Next, they should be ready to hear what the teacher says. The teacher then repeats all the steps to the students and looks at them to make sure they understand. The class practices the procedure, and the teacher then reinforces the procedure by using it all the time, offering praise when the procedure is followed, and correction when it is not (Wong, 1991, p. 183).
Another in-class activity for which procedures are necessary is making up work after an absence. The procedure for this involves using a Make-Up Work folder that contains detailed instructions about how to turn in assignments and get necessary notes or other materials from that day. Upon entering the class after an absence, the student brings a note for the teacher to sign, then looks at the folder to find handouts and/or instructions about what was missed. The student has 3 school days following an absence to get all make-up work turned it. Explanation, rehearsal, and reinforcement at the beginning of the school term will help students understand the purpose of each procedure and allow them to practice the procedure.
Expectations and procedures a...
The class travels quietly on the right side of the hallway. All school rules that apply in the classroom governing how students speak and behave toward each other are in force during recess. The procedure is reversed as students come back to class after recess. Again, explanation, rehearsal, and reinforcement will help students internalize the procedure.
Students also benefit from high expectations and procedures when attending school-wide assemblies. The procedure for attending assemblies begins with the teacher explaining the purpose of the day's event as well as reinforcing high standards for student conduct. Again, students line up by the door and travel quietly to the assembly location using the right side of the hallway. Students should sit in the rows allocated to our class, and nowhere else. Everyone should be quiet and attentive to the presentation. At the end of the assembly, students wait for the rows before us to be dismissed, and then follow those students out of the assembly location back toward the classroom, traveling quietly and on the right side of the hall.
Setting high expectations and developing clear procedures is beneficial to students and teachers. By establishing effective procedures, explaining, rehearsing, and reinforcing them, instructional time and classroom climate can be optimized.
Wong, H. K. The first days of school: How to be an effective teacher. Sunnyvale, CA: Harry K. Wong Publications,