It may perhaps be far too simplistic to even suggest pointing to one singular event as the cause behind the rise of Islamic fundamentalist terrorism culminated in the 9/11 attacks and thereafter completely changed the political landscape within the US, but if any one event can be said to be the most important, then it would be the Soviet Union’s ill-fated decision to invade Afghanistan in 1979 (Fellure 2005). The Cold War, of course, consisted of an ever-increasing series of Spy v. Spy type games meant to the draw the opposing side into situations meant to undermine their ability to fully fund their individual ideologies. The US had been drawn into the quagmire of the Vietnam partly due to Russian backing of the opposing forces; Afghanistan was looked upon by the Carter administration as an opportunity for payback (Girardet and Walter 2004). The Soviet decision to invade Afghanistan could never have been seen by anybody at the time as the watershed moment in world history that it became, but in retrospect it clearly was a turning point in history that would eventually create a full-scale sea change in the geopolitical landscape.
Once Ronald Reagan was elected President, that sea change was virtually assured and, even more so, the stage was set for the rise of the Islamic terrorist as he is known today. In one of those great ironies that history sometimes produces, the result of Pres. Reagan’s efforts to destroy one enemy resulted in the creation of an enemy that already has turned out to be much most costly to American soil; the ultimate irony of ironies is that during today’s enemy was yesterday’s ally. Pres. Ronald Reagan receives an undo share of credit for bringing about the collapse of the Soviet Union, but so far has managed to escape practically any blame whatever for contributing to the rise of Islamic terrorist in general and Osama Bin Laden in particular. Reagan spent much of his