As feminist movement grew stronger, the voices for equal military opportunities for both sexes grew louder. As a result, in the twentieth century women were allowed enlist in the United States military as soldiers having equal opportunities with men (one more evidence of strong connection between the army and the society)1. Up to date female soldiers set nobody wondering, yet there are several problems in this field – mostly concerning gender relations – to be resolved.
First women enlisted in the military during World War I. Apparently, female soldiers proved their fighting efficiency: in World War II four hundred thousand military women served in the Army, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Navy, and Air force both in Europe and other states. Since that time female soldiers were took part in each military action conducted by the United States.
In the beginning of 1990’s women’s roles in the Army once more became a subject for discussion. The intense interest to female soldiers was a result of their high-level performance during “Desert Storm” operation in Kuwait. Women’s qualified work was highly commended by the Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney: “They did a bang up job.... They were every bit as professional as their male colleagues”2. The Secretary also forecasted further growth of women’s role in combat actions as well as the growth in quantity of female soldiers.
The war at the Persian Gulf is up to date one of the most successful military operations in the history of the United States, and women’s role in that success was very substantial. The total number of women deployed for the war exceeded 41 thousand: female soldiers composed 7 percent of the U.S. Armed Forces involved into the conflict in the Persian Gulf: 26,000 Army, 3,700 Navy, 2,200 Marine, and 5,300 Air Force3. They served as aircraft pilots and were involved into carrying troops, food and equipment supplies; they successfully