The admission of the Turkish republic into the European union has undergone some serious debate over the past few years and many events have taken place since 1987, when Turkey made its first ever attempts at gaining membership of the union. However, in order to facilitate the…
nion has been constantly monitoring the progress made by Turkey and has been affecting legislations and concessions that would help encourage Turkey hasten the process of reforms that would help speed up its pace of induction into the club.
This literature review will aim at describing the various changes that both sides have made over the years in order to demonstrate the progress made by the other side and will also focus on the factors that have influenced the necessity of such decisions. The initial focus will be on understanding the aspects on which the European Union is set to gain by allowing Turkey to obtain membership. This is deemed important in view of the current as it would serve as the reason for many of the changes initiated by the European Union itself.
The first question that arises to mind over this issue is as to what does the enlarged European Union stand to gain as a result of Turkey’s admission? The best possible answer that can be offered within a political perspective is that the inclusion of Turkey as a member would do away with the long standing image of the European Union as an exclusive Christian Club1. Moreover, the proposed inclusion would also help the union in projecting itself to the rest of the world as a model for tolerance where multi-cultural, multi-religious and multi-ethnic peoples contribute to the welfare of one another. Secondly, the Union also stands to gain from the vast military and security assets that Turkey possesses. Moreover, in spite of having deficiencies at the moment, the inclusion will provide a Turkish economy that has shown a lot of potential and promise. The presence of Oil reserves and a highly qualified workforce would assure the union of a strengthened European economy that is in a better position to take on the challenges faced by it2.
The European Union, on the other hand, is very eager to accommodate Turkey into its group and for this, the latter is supposed to achieve credible standards on a ...
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The Europeans, however, countered that Turkey’s deficient institutions and practices in democratic and economic spheres disqualified it from the membership (Rouleau, 2000). A piece from BBC from BBC News (2004) also reported that a number of countries were concerned about Turkey’s huge and rapidly increasing population and low average income that could make its accession to the EU challenging.
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In the case of Turkey, the prime focus has been to initiate reform efforts in a number of areas so as to achieve the required eligibility status for the membership. On the other hand, the European Union has been constantly monitoring the progress made by Turkey and has been affecting legislations and concessions that would help encourage Turkey hasten the process of reforms that would help speed up its pace of induction into the club.
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