thirty years back in the aftermath of a devastating wildfire in southern California in 1970, completely destroying nearly 601,00 acres of land in just two weeks time. Thus the US Homeland Security Department, created a special project called FIRESCOPE. The chief product emanating from the FIRESCOPE was the Incident Command System.
The ICS came into being because of the long felt dearth and a vacuum of an organized leadership during the heat of crisis. It was observed that often during fire-fighting or other emergencies, there had usually been a complete mess rather a shemozzle because of lack of leadership especially when more than one responder were called in to fight the disaster at a common site of incident. Thus to address the issue of the lack of effective leadership or absence of an absolute commander, creating chaos and confusion, the ICS was developed. (Cardwell, Michael, 1994, n.p.)
Primarily established for fire-responding, the ICS has emerged as a multidimensional system for immediate and instant dealing with all kinds of disasters and eventualities. Among the various management concepts greatly contributing to the success of the ICS include:
2. The ICS is a largely standard system which has enough room or space within its organizational structure so as to accommodate or absorb other personnel from myriad geographical locations, and other security agencies to bind together under a common management structure to fight the emergency collectively as a big but single unit. (Cardwell, Michael, 1994, n.p.)
If it appears that the fire is getting out of control and threatening the neighboring buildings and businesses especially in an industrial area, and that the assistance of more Engine companies is genuinely needed, the ICS, innately having this provision allows this call for more fire-fighting units or brigades to arrive at the incident. Now if from the arriving engine companies there happens to be one having a Battalion Commander, it will then be