Affirmative action refers to concrete steps and policies that are developed and implemented not only to eliminate discrimination and prejudice in employment against minorities, but also to attempt to rectify the effects of discrimination that took place in history. Minorities might include any underrepresented group, especially represented by race, ethnicity, or gender. One of the main purposes of implementing affirmative action policies are to address the Constitutional equal opportunity law, which states that all the people have the inborn right to equal access and opportunity to self promotion and self development. This meant that all persons had the right to work for their talents and capabilities rather than being subjected to injustice on the basis of color, cast or gender.
There are many reasons why organizations in this globalizing and ever developing world should implement Affirmative action policies. Taking firm steps against racism is the responsibility of everyone in our society; therefore it is a challenge also for the institutions and organizations that make a huge difference to our lives. Elements such as racism and discrimination act as barriers for people with great intellect. Racism is not something that corrects itself with time it is something that is responsible for itself. The disadvantages to people of color and different gender and the benefits to white people especially male are passed on to each succeeding generation unless counteractive decisions are taken. These disadvantages join together into organizational practices which, although might look neutral and unbiased, unfavorably affect these people. It has become extremely necessary to take positive steps to remove and recompense for these inconsiderate policies, even when there is no noticeable discriminatory meaning. If we do not teach our workforce to accept people for whom they are and what they can do, we can lose on major creative knowledge. A