The UK is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on Children’s rights held in the month of December in the year 1991. The Convention acts as a basis for protection of children’s rights in all member states. (Every Child Matters, 2008)
The convention provides that all children have the right to life. This brings up a vital question; can a foetus be considered as a child? The United Kingdom recognises viable foetuses as those ones who have exceeded twenty four weeks. (Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, 2004) This is why the Abortion Act of 1967 allows abortions before a pregnancy has reached that stipulated time. In relation to this, the UK only allows abortion in cases where the unborn child will affect his mother’s health both physically and mentally. By providing such a restriction, the unborn child’s right to life is protected because mothers may not terminate their pregnancies for minor reasons. This ensures that unborn children’s rights are protected in the most viable way possible.
The Abortion Act of 1967 also provides that abortions should only be carried out after obtaining consent from two medical practitioners. (Abortion right, 2007) The purpose of this stipulation is to further ascertain that abortions are only carried out in extreme conditions and that a child’s best interests are protected even before they are born. However, certain human rights groups like the Society for the protection of the unborn child claims that these laws are not doing enough to protect the unborn child. They argue that all abortions should be made illegal through repealing of the abortion acts relevant to women in the UK today. (Arthur, 2007)
Experts agree that the United Kingdom’s abortion laws are quite severe to women but protect unborn children through its restrictions. In comparison to other countries in that area, unborn children take precedence over women. In countries like ...
Cite this document
(“Examine the extent to which children have rights in a particular area Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/345476-examine-the-extent-to-which-children-have-rights-in-a-particular-area-of-law-and-provision-abortion
(Examine the Extent to Which Children Have Rights in a Particular Area Essay)
“Examine the Extent to Which Children Have Rights in a Particular Area Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/345476-examine-the-extent-to-which-children-have-rights-in-a-particular-area-of-law-and-provision-abortion.
Abortion Rights – American Legal System. The American legal system is layered in to several parts, the most as compared to any other developed nations in this world. Every day, courts throughout the United States of America, render a decision that influence and affects the lives of thousands of people across the territory of the United States.
It implies that this transformation has been oriented by ‘social inclusion’ and ‘social model’ concepts that vulnerable children are citizens, have rights, and should be completely given access to cultural and educational activities.
Abortion has attracted intense debate on whether it should be legalised or banned. Pro-life arguments are against abortion and assert that every child has a right to life and unborn babies’ rights are equal to those of the mothers (Lee 18). In addition, childless couples who need children can adopt the unwanted babies.
An action conforms to the principle of utility if and only if its performance will be more productive of pleasure or happiness, or more preventive of pain or unhappiness, than any alternative. Instead of 'pleasure' and 'happiness' the word 'welfare' is also apt: the value of the consequences of an action is determined solely by the welfare of individuals.
Before this I will provide a shot history of general law and its relationship to social contract theory and moral philosophy. The influence of Dr. Henry Morgentaler on the evolution of abortion law will also be explored, as he is responsible for much of the progress made in the area.
One of the most essential international conventions that set out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children has been the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. International movements for the rights of children across the world attempt to ensure that children are given equal respect and concern without discrimination.
The scope and ramifications of this immunity involves immunity from prosecution which arise as a means of negligent actions on the part of the police. First and foremost, negligence according to the English law of torts