The modern times have however shown that there is no place for descriptive-normative gaps for the explanation of ethical naturalism and that this ethical naturalism has become a “naturalistic fallacy” far from the post modern notions of blatant relativism.Therefore I would agree with the proposition that there has been a necessary shift from Modernity to Post-Modern, towards a knowledge based ethical discourse. To illustrate my argument I would like to base my argument pertaining to the post modern shift in ethical notions upon an example of the emerging notion of “expert professionalism” in sociological terms. Take the example of modern professional ethics.
Steven Brint (1994), a sociologist, has referred to the notion of professionalism and ethics as “social trustee professionalism,” which banks on the notions of the professionals being aware of their social contract with the larger society. For Brint (1994) the conclusion is that the past decades have seen “a key historical change” in a transition from what was initially “social trustee professionalism” to what is the modern day “expert professionalism”. This view is shared by Sullivan (2004:28) who has termed this transition in professionalism as the loss of “the ethical-social values of professional identity”. Thus to add to Brint’s analysis Sullivan (2004:32) has also spoken of the need to have the professional education “restructured in ways that suffuse technical competence with civic awareness and purpose”. Therefore what has replaced the social trustee professionalism is an audit culture. According to Pels [(2000:148) as cited by Fertig (2003)] this audit culture is “...the shift, in anthropological ethics, from professionalism to audit [being] yet another instance of the swing of the liberal pendulum from a romantic primacy of the ethical to a utilitarian primacy of the economic”. This dichotomy has been further classified by Stronach et al