Essay sample - How did KARL MARX explain change in human society?

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Karl Marx is one of the greatest social thinkers and philosophers, who has influenced the future generations through his remarkable works and magnificent theoretical structure on class conflict. “Marxism has brought into existence in many of the socialist countries, whether…


of Marx and Frederick Engels, where both the socialist thinkers consider class struggle as an inevitable social phenomenon in order to erase inequalities from human societies that are the outcome of Capitalistic economic system, which has widened the gulf between the haves and haves-not. Marx’s wonderful publication “The Communist Manifesto” is the most celebrated pamphlet in the history of the Socialist Movement that aims to define causes and consequences of social change in societies. Several social theories that emphasise social conflict, according to Ryanzanskaya, (1971) have roots in the ideas of Karl Marx.
There is nothing permanent except change; it is an essential law of nature, not an exception or uneven thing. The same is the case with social and cultural changes. Since Marx has himself witnessed industrialisation process and its effects on life of divergent social classes of Europe, he predicts inevitable social changes in its aftermath. He declares means of production as the fundamental reason of social change. Modes of production and division of labour create gulf between classes, leading towards social conflict. Further, Marx did not know that the concept of ownership of the means of production might suspend in the joint stock company. It has not only ended the concept of confrontation between the classes, but also gave the individuals from different social classes the right of ownership. Many times, Marx is found to insist how the class defines itself, or is a class only as it acts in opposition to other classes. “Stating the emergence of the bourgeoisie as a class in early capitalist Europe, Marx notes how the separate individuals form a class only insofar as they have to carry on a common battle against another class; otherwise they are on hostile terms with each other as competitors.” (Giddens and Held, 1982: p 20)
The most critical element among the methods of Marxist Perspective is to find classes prevailing in societies all over the ...
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