The architect is a person who is responsible for the planning, designing and overseenin construction of a building.Traditionally considered an elitist, with little thought for the poorer sections of the community, the architect’s role has undergone a sea change now with housing development projects proliferating in both the urban and rural sectors and strict governmental guidelines. An architect now is often required to make decisions is the interest of the safety and well being of the society, especially so while designing a housing project. The modern architect is a technologist, environmentalist as well as a strategist.
With the increase in housing pressure , there are massive housing projections for the next twenty years in U.K. Property development is a process that involves changing or enhancing the land to produce buildings for occupation. It is a complex activity involving various agencies and using scarce resources. The architect plays a crucial role in the housing development process with tremendous responsibilities and key relationship with the other actors. While executing his responsibilities, he has to take into account various factors ranging from the needs of the occupier to the possible objections from the local people which can cause delays or even result in the abandonment of the project.
As the architect is primarily a technologist who also contributes to the business strategy, he uses his expertise in the technical field to define the technical strategy of the development project. He should prepare design briefs for all the residential allocations, without forgetting optimum quality. In their book, “Property Development”, David Cadman and Rosalyn Topping divide the main stages of the development process into nine main parts. These are Initiation, Evaluation, Acquisition, Design and costing,