In order to understand the statement of Durkheim that we have to ‘treat social facts as things’ (Durkheim, 1895) we should primarily refer to the main characteristics of social facts as presented by Durkheim; in other words we should refer to the definition of social facts…
In accordance with the specific definition ‘a social fact is anyway of acting, whether fixed or not, capable of exerting over the individual an external constraint; or which is general over the whole of a given society, whilst having an existence of its own independent of its individual manifestations’ (Durkheim, 1895, p.59 in Gilbert, 1989, p.244-245). Through an additional explanation of social facts – including in the above work of Durkheim – it is made clear that ‘here, then, is a category of facts which present very special characteristics: they consist of manners of acting, thinking and feeling external to the individual, which are invested with a coercive power by virtue of which they exercise control over him’ (Durkheim, 1895, Ch. 1 in Lukes, 1982, p. 51). In accordance with the above, social facts can influence all aspects of the behaviour of individuals as parts of the society; for this reason, social facts are closely related with the social ethics held within a specific region at a particular period of time. Because of the above issues, theorists that are asked to interpret the behaviour of individuals towards specific social or political events should start by identifying the social ethics of the society involved; at a next level, any reflection of the individuals to their social and political environment could be considered as a justifiable initiative. In accordance with Morrison (1990) ‘Durkheim, working from a Comtean tradition, essentially sought to bring sociological subject matter within the confines of a positivist methodology; accordingly, most of the programmatic statements Durkheim made about sociological subject matter tended to equate sociological events with external regularity and this may explain Durkheims use of the claim "consider social facts as things"’ (Morrison, 1990, 93). In other words, the use of term ‘things’ by Durkheim when having to ...
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Because the greater, better part of his existence transcends the body, he escapes the body's yoke, but is subject to that of society.” - Emile Durkheim I have come to discover Emile Durkheim, a German Sociologist and Theorist, upon studying the founding of sociology.
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Durkheim believed that suicide was socially caused, and that it was a social phenomenon since each group exhibit different suicide rates under different conditions in the society. The main objective of Durkheim’s suicide theory was to account for the differences of the rates of suicides between groups, and he identified four types of suicide namely egoistic, altruistic, anomic and fatalistic (Cullen and Pamela 278).
Durkheim contributed many theories and ideas that formed the base of development of modern studies in sociology and anthropology. He developed theories and ideas in social facts, division of labor, education, crime, punishment, law, suicide, and religion.
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Some sociologists explain deviant behavior in terms of broad social conditions arguing that deviance is the result of specific structural characteristics of our society; another group of theorists claim that deviant behavior is rooted deep in the nature of human being; others believe that there is no such thing as deviant behavior at all.
Moralizing may be thought as an intellectual exercise, but more often, it is regarded as an attempt of making sense of individual’s gut instinct. Among people who employ morality normatively describes morality as a code of conduct, which
After finishing school, Marx engaged in developing his theories that highlighted the significance of communism and developed a critique against capitalism. On the other hand, Durkheim focused on describing the
We will investigate into the concept of the social fact, give their example, determine what not a social fact is, and analyze views of modern sociologists on Durkheim’s works by means of analysis of an article Relationship Transitions Among Older Cohabitors: The
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