The increase of the elderly population – an inevitable outcome of the aging tendency – has considerable implications for the healthcare practices with care professionals increasingly involved in working with aging patients (Murphy, 2004). Understanding of the nature of major challenges associated with the ageing population is becoming an increasingly critical aspect of modern health care system.
A considerable body of evidence is now available to show that the process of aging is largely due to molecular damage caused by reactive oxygen species, electrophiles, and other reactive endobiotic and xenobiotic metabolites (McEwen et al. 2005). Ageing is associated with the degeneration of functional capacity in all parts of human body, and at all levels of organisation from molecules to complete organ systems. This process is normally referred to as ‘senescence’ and comprises genetic and external factors (Mera 1992).
Quality of life of elderly patients depends more on ageing-related disease than solely on chronological characteristics. ‘Natural’ transformations in the status of the organism during the process of ageing, such as the changes in the immune, cardiovascular and endocrine systems (Martin, & Sheaff 2007), occur simultaneously with pathological processes associated, in their turn, with variety of age-related diseases, such as wear and tear of skin, muscles, and skeleton (Freemont, & Hoyland 2007), cardiovascular system (Greenwald 2007), etc. These two types of changes interact closely in various types of age-related diseases such as hearing loss, noise damage, skin damage, hypertension, increased body mass index, etc (Martin, & Sheaff 2007).
At the cellular level the process of ageing is associated with chromosomal, nucleic acid, protein and other changes (Terman et al. 2007). The pathways involved in these changes have been revealed to possess common features with disease processes. This discovery is very essential for it enables ...
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Women are always believed to be comprising the greater part of the future life population just for the simple reason that their lifespan can move to a given length as compared to that of men. This has therefore brought in some concentration based on gender issues and ignited debate concerning the advancement on feminization of the future life and the precedence by those who make the guiding principles of women's social needs.
The domination of an ageing population has a number of constraints on state and federal governments' budgetary allocations. First is a considerably high demand for funds and budgetary allocations for public-funded health. A high proportion of the aged, in a population, pose constraints on the income support strategies allocated to old aged.
Australia is regarded as one of the longest living nations throughout the globe (Healy, 2004). But in recent times, growth in the ageing of Australian population can be apparently observed. This particular aspect i.e. intensification in ageing population has imposed unfavourable impacts upon the political situation along with the financial condition of the nation.
Though they are not interconnected, yet in some ways they are linked with each other. They impact human life on everyday basis, and thus are very deeply integrated with the social, economic and political issues of the nation or society. A going is related to their declining physical and mental abilities, and in some cases in serious illnesses related to mind and body, which limits their performance and participation life.
A particular trend that has been noticed the world over is ageing workforce population and many human resource managers view this phenomenon. as a negative development. A number of factors have been considered as reasons for the global nature of ageing in workforce population.
The growth is due to the increased life expectancy which is currently 77 years for men and 83 years for women in Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002). On the one hand, such longevity is an sign of steady social and economic development. The increase of the elderly population - an inevitable outcome of the aging tendency - has considerable implications for the healthcare practices with care professionals increasingly involved in working with aging patients (Murphy, 2004).
The holistic age management strategy modifies all these, and in fact looks at the other side of the possibilities for older men and women. The previous decades have been a witness for phased retirement of employees for their psychological and physical welfare.
The results of the current study illustrate that the trend of the population is changing at international level. Due to improved medical facilities and low fertility rates in most of the developed countries the proportion of the old people is increasing. The
However, research shows that anything that causes stress to the body or the mind is a cause for concern to individuals wanting to age successfully. Physiotherapy has its work well cut out when it comes to
internal Demand for water and electricity was extremely high, forcing the government to advocate for private investors to step in so as to assist in meeting the demand by minimizing water cuts and the high need for power (Oxford Business Group 125). In its Energy sector the
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