Pages 4 (1004 words)
Logic is necessary to support an argument in any kind of persuasion, in answering an essay question, and in supplying evidence to support an opinion. . It works by testing propositions against one another to determine their accuracy. When…
premises that illustrate the arguments line of reasoning; (4) evidence that validates the arguments premises; and (5) a conclusion that convinces the reader that the argument has been soundly and persuasively made. Only when these elements are clearly structured and followed in the respective order, will this argument be considered logical. One rule of logic is that no conclusion can be drawn unless the major premise states a universal. A second rule of logic is that no conclusion can be drawn if the conclusion does not necessarily follow from the two premises. This can occur of the major and minor premises are both true, but are not related or are not necessarily connected.
We have learned that there are two kinds of logical thought: deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning. When one deduces, she moves from a general argument to a specific argument. On the other hand, when one reasons inductively, you observe the specific(s) and move to the general. Being aware of common errors that people make in logical thinking will help you evaluate the soundness of arguments you hear and read, as well as those you write. Some common fallacies include hasty generalizations, stereotype, false analogy, circular reasoning, attacking the person and not the issue, either – or fallacy, non sequitur (it does not follow), among others.
The analysis of an argument is significant as this particular task asks one to read a brief argument, analyze the reasoning behind it, and write a critique of the argument. Analysis of an argument does not ask one to develop your own opinion like the analysis of an issue task. The analysis of an argument task involves analyzing a given opinion, including considering questionable assumptions that underline the opinion, counterexamples that may weaken the conclusion, or evidence that may support it. In analyzing an argument it is important to present a logical flow of ideas, clear control of the English language, and the use of a strong format, ...