ly, one of the most important advantages to Iran is its mountains which form its frontiers, enfold its cities and make foreign intrusion extremely difficult. Quite realistically, these mountains have made Iran a fortress. Among the most important mountains of Iran are the “Zagros”. They are a southern extension of the Caucasus, running about 900 miles from the northwestern border of Iran, which adjoins Turkey and Armenia, southeast toward Bandar Abbas on the Strait of Hormuz. Iran shares its northern borders along with three post-Soviet states such as Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia. Irans western borders are with Turkey in the north and Iraq in the south. To the east lie Afghanistan on the north and Pakistan on the south. (stratfor.com)
Raw Materials: Iran has 3rd largest Oil reserves in the world after Saudia Arabia and Iraq. In fact, Oil remains Iran’s most important and most strategic export. Other important raw materials (after petroleum resources) include natural gas, coal, zinc, sulphur, lead, manganese, chromium, iron ore, copper, barite, salt, alumunium, gypsum, molybdenum, strontium, silica, uranium, and gold etc. In addition, several industries are also indulged in production of chemicals and pharmacutical raw materials that are exported to various nations across the world.
Demography: The population of Iran is over 66 millions (est. 2009) and its official language is Persian. Almost 68% (est. 2008) of Iranian Population lives in urban areas. According to different estimates, the major ethnic groups and minorities in Iran include the Persians (51%), Azeris (24%), Gilaki and Mazandarani (8%), Kurds (7%), Arabs (3%), Balochi