They thought that they were more civilized and more educated than the African Other who was actually in a dire need of being assimilated into their civilization.
The Portuguese entered into the continent with divergent aims. These aims were not only scientific but commercial as well. However, it should be underlined that other aims were purely religious and military as long as Portugal itself was seeking to subdue the Muslim enemy and to assess its strength. In his book titled Colonial Africa, A. J. Christopher claimed that “ the European penetration of the continent was not one monolithic movement but made up of several different nationalities who were in competition with one another”1, adding that “eleven European countries established bases on the African continent, while seven took part in the final scramble of the 1880s and 1890s.”2
For this alone, many scholars and historians contend that European colonial rule of Africa was structured as a form of dictatorship because the military machine was doing its job in finding a way how to pacify the African subjects and therefore maintain a state of order. While Britain for example made all the decisions concerning its colonies from Britain, France was ruling Morocco and Algeria from France, appointing chiefs and residents to abide by the new European norms and lifestyles and blindly adopt them.
Hence, many millions of lives had been lost as a result of military fights. On the other hand, a large array of nationalists, notably political and religious figures were repressed and excluded from their countries. Worse than that, a policy of discrimination and segregation was carried out in Africa; the British used to favor some specific ethnic groups in Africa over all the colonized others. The former were supported because they served the ends of Britain.
Probably nowhere was the European-African conflict bloody and tragic as it was in Libya and
Under certain internal and external pressures, Africa had been obviously transformed allowing for foreign intervention to take place. The questions that may be raised here are: why this…
By extending the access, reach and availability of diverse learning environments through its twelve global sites, students of New York University are given the privilege of learning beyond the United States to gain first hand experiences in different strategic parts of the world such as in Abu Dhabi, Berlin, Paris, London, Shanghai, among others.
Furthermore, the human beings have also created a set of moral and ethical principles which have to be followed by the people. An important fact about moral judgments which has been put forward is that moral values are not universal and unanimous which provides the idea that morality cannot be generalized for everyone.
A look into American sports proves that basketball is no longer a white game as it was when James Naismith invented it as a sport in 1892. The white domination disappeared when blacks started playing it during the post civil war era. Thus, after a century of its invention, basketball has become a reflection of black ghetto culture just like jazz and blues did.
The coming of a new administration did not hold much promise to end the injustice. The Southerners being predominantly democrats and considering President Lincoln party. There was very minimal expectation for change in the Republican administration. This was
However due to my interest in reading, I came across the Taylor’s book which has left a profound impact on my life. I was shocked to read that even almost ninety years after the civil war, African Americans were still being treated with such
The author states that among the problems faced by people on account of the serious effects of the Great Depression, those faced by the African Americans, must be noted with special concern as they were the group of people who were hit harder. It is the African Americans who suffered from the many sided effects of the Great Depression.
Kleiner, Christine J. Mamiya, 140). The sculptures are iconographic features and the most compelling of all the Arts; they are the most idealized of individual, animals, and decorated stools. They are sculptured to different sizes, some almost the same size of
In this paper, the resonance concern history, culture and background of English literature (Austen 10). During the 18th and 19th centuries, English writing experienced a dramatic evolution. The 18th era had witnessed the rise of the book in the efforts of authors like
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