The Federal Reserve had always played an immense role in controlling the financially crucial situations ever originated in the USA. Its instruments come in the form of feasible monetary policies that take care not only of any present crisis but also those of the future. A good example is its mode of activities in the face of the recent global meltdown that not only helped in controlling the crisis but included measures to effectively control any aftermath. The present paper deals with the institution’s monetary policies which from time to time had acted like a shield against an economic crisis, for the country. 2
One of the commonest names which often come up as one of the strongest financial regulatory bodies in the world is that of the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve, often abbreviated as the Fed, being the apex financial institution of USA is responsible for designing the monetary policies of the economy and hence for controlling the flow of money in the nation. Since the amount of money supply is a decisive factor behind the credit availability and hence that of any inflationary developments in an economy, the importance of the institution cannot be slighted. Inflation can often have larger outcomes, ranging from severe unemployment to that of a financial crisis. Thus, there must be an institution in every nation entrusted with taking care of the vice; the Federal Reserve does the job in USA (Schenk, n.d.).
The Fed has been conferred the responsible of planning the monetary policies for USA since . Its basic objective had been to work-out a feasible solution given the prevailing economic condition of the economy so as to provide a brighter and better future to the countrymen. However, the string of the ultimate power of the bank is largely bestowed in the hands of the Congress. Recently though, on October 2008, the grips have been loosened a bit and the bank has been given the right to endow ...
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(Functions of Money) If money had not been there all transactions would have to be done through barter system. That is a tedious process on day to day operations. Money also functions as a unit of account measuring the value of goods or services under exchange.
The persistent decline in the economic activity therefore attracted the attention of the Government as well as the Federal Reserve System. Government took both the fiscal as well as monetary measures in order to stimulate the economy. These events however, led Federal Reserve System or FED to intervene into the economy in order to take some measures to correct the economic situation.
The role of a central bank in any economy is to manage the monetary policy of the country while ensuring that it manages to achieve broader macroeconomic objectives. One of the key objectives of any central bank is therefore to ensure that inflation within economy remains under control.
In the recent period, numerous programs are being funded by the Congress in order to meet up to the housing requirements for the population that is poor and susceptible. The plans are mainly controlled by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
The Federal Reserve is the fundamental bank of America initiated in 1913 through the ratification of Federal Reserve Act as a reaction to the financial apprehensions of 1907 (Greider 67). However, the functions of the Federal Reserve have widened over time as the bank develops to meet the tests of organization in the economy.
There is a certain contrast between how the system ought to work (or is expected to work) and how it actually works (with its actual effects on banking systems) in reality. Because the Federal Reserve (which, from here on, shall be referred to as
?s three key functions are providing and maintaining an efficient and effective payment system, supervising and regulating banking operations throughout the country and developing the country’s monetary policy (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, n.d.). This paper will focus on
The flow of money within the economy therefore should be managed in such a manner that it supports the achievement of low inflation, economic stability as well as the low unemployment level within the economy.
The Federal Reserve System or Fed is the central bank of US
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