iotic relationship since time immemorial, the other side of the coin that animal too have feelings and superior intelligence have just started dawning on humankind. The nineteenth and the twentieth century saw animals being treated as commodities and exploited without remorse as beasts of burden, as a source of food and entertainment for man, and for biological research in order to search for the secrets of life and cures for debilitating diseases.
Voices started being raised for animal welfare during the latter half of the twentieth century when people from some sections of society observed the cruelty being meted out to the poor creatures. Soon, volunteer and social organizations for animal welfare cropped up in all parts of the world and research activities were directed towards the investigation and formulation of better animal welfare policies and initiation of endeavours to stop cruelty on animals started being conceived. Animal welfare science has developed over the last few years as a specialist entity and has come to be recognised as an interdisciplinary effort (Lund et al, 2006). However, the authors feel that it has till now bean the mainstay of representatives of natural sciences only and needs to adopt a broader interdisciplinary perspective to increase its horizon of activity (Lund et al, 2006). The concerns for animal welfare are being addressed internationally by organizations such as the OIE (Office International des Epizooties) which provides the international trade agreements for animal welfare and the control of diseases in domesticated farm animals (Lund et al, 2006). The authors feel that the time has arrived when the discipline of animal welfare should encompass a broader horizon by making it a trans-disciplinary subject, as so far it has stayed within the confines of natural sciences only. Animal psychology, ethics, politics and economics too need to be brought into the perspective of animal welfare science according to the authors (Lund et
Although the interaction between man and animals has been there from the very beginning of life on this planet, man in his endeavour to attain superiority among all living beings has failed to look at life from a perspective that should have been more in tune with nature. Armed…
This research is being carried out to provide better understanding of the link between anti-social behaviour and social housing and to outline comprehensive method/methods of approach to tackling the issue, which to contribute towards a tangible change in the frequency and severity of its manifestations.
This is to meet the requirements of the present generation as well as ensuring that there is compromising with regards to the abilities of the generations to come. Organisations have been increasingly called upon for taking up additional responsibilities for the way their operations are having an impact on the society and its natural environment (D’Amato, Henderson & Florence, 2009, p.1).
The report concludes that while organic farming of animals is often costly, most people prefer such meat products. Animal welfare is defined as the care for the physical and mental wellbeing of animals in general by having proper farming practices that take into account the animal’s “species, its size, weight, age, and sex”.
A fearful animal can result to scared sick one. While hiding the animal might not bother the veterinarian, frequent anxiety can increase stress causing the animal sickness. For example, constant stress might lead to bladder inflammation which results in increased instances of scratching to offer calmness.
According to the paper ethologists have specifically analyzed different behavioral traits in animals related to mating, feeding, child rearing etc. The relevance of different important ethological approaches to understand the depths of animal behaviour has been frequently explored and a growing body of literature can be found to that effect. Ethology is basically about biological analysis of different kinds of animal behaviour to find out the underlying reasons about why animals behave in a particular manner.
Although animal testing is commonly done for research and investigative propose, and is funded collectively by the society it's ethical implication, scientific need and basis and psychological effect of testing on animals are issues bothering various animal right activists as well as the general public.
rights, as a result of which those rights should be recognised within the framework of the law.1 Legislative provisions that currently exist are Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act2 and the Animal Research Act,3 with further provisions spelt out in the Australian Code of
This process of farming often disregards the welfare of the animal. This report explores the conflict between cheap food and the well-being of farm animals. Also explored in the report is the likelihood of people
Jean-Jacques Rousseau proposed in Discourse on Inequality in 1754 that animals ought to be part of natural law, not because they are sane, but because they are conscious. For Kant, cruelty to animals was erroneous solely on the basis that
Experimenting on animals is necessary when it unethical and impractical to experiment on humans.
However, it is established that a lot of these experiments cause pain and sufferings to the animals and reduces their quality of life. It is morally wrong
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