It advocates the need for jobs, marriages, two parent families and also tries to prevent out of marriage pregnancies. Sharon Hays through her book “Flat Broke with Children” gives us an interesting insight into the world of the social workers who aid in carrying out the welfare programs under TANF and also tell us the story from the view points of those who receive the aid. TANF which came in place of the Emergency Assistance program (EA), the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program and the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training (JOBS) was a welcome change to the social workers who all were involved with various welfare organizations throughout the United States of America. As Hays (2004) points out “ most of welfare caseworkers I met were optimistic about the new law, at least in the first year of its enactment.....a number of case workers, echoing popular sentiment, told me that welfare had become a trap and the clients had become dependent” (Hays, 2004, p. 4). So the social workers felt that to impart training to the poor clients and make them suitable for various jobs would be a change of scenario, both for the worker and the recipient. However as Hays travels through the various phases of this program and meets various clients and aid workers over an extended period of time she finds many pitfalls in this assistance program. Though facts and figures prove that this program is a resounding success but as we travel with Hays we find that not everything is as rosy as it seems. Her research work which nearly extended for about three years gives us, in vivid details, as to the happenings in the various welfare program offices and in the homes of the recipients of this aid. She explores the various social values that this aid program tries to instill in its recipients and the inherent contradictions that arise while trying to apply these values in every day
TANF or the temporary assistance for needy families was a block grant passed in 1996 by the then President Bill Clinton under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PWRORA – Public Law 104-193). TANF which replaced many of the old welfare…
Just by looking on the changes in the name of the social reform program, it can be told how major changes have happened. Many people are now wondering on whether such changes have made a better impact on the United States social scene and what were the major differences among the two that differentiates one from the other better.
Welfare states must balance the desire to keep people out of inherited success with the equally humanitarian desire not to let them drift into lives of despair. America’s last big welfare reform was in 1996, when Bill Clinton put time limits on cash benefits and tightened the requirement that able-bodied claimants must seek work. Life in the system is hardly gold-plated, but it is comfortable enough, says Melissa Devilma, a homeless, jobless, and single-mother.
vers the right of the employee to file a leave with a total of twelve unpaid workweeks for every twelve-month period for the following reasons: she will be bearing a child soon or his wife, in case of a man, it includes the nursing time for the baby, and recovery of the female
es have had power over females within the Church since the beginning οf Christian worship, and thus men have traditionally held the majority οf positions within the Church. Religious composition, for mass or performance, is perhaps one οf the most important aspects οf
he paper focuses a lot on policy formulation in aviation industry it also gives examples of policies found in the industry and why much is not known on how policy is formulated despite the gained information from the education.
Policy normally describes the government’s
The word dolphin came from the Greek word delphus meaning womb. This is understandable because dolphins are cetaceans. Cetaceans are basically whales – and whales are aquatic mammals. So basically, because of its fish-like appearance, dolphins are “fish with wombs”. There are a lot of species of dolphins – almost forty species!
Jean-Jacques Rousseau proposed in Discourse on Inequality in 1754 that animals ought to be part of natural law, not because they are sane, but because they are conscious. For Kant, cruelty to animals was erroneous solely on the basis that
Additionally, there are a number of notable scientific classifications for this species. The kingdom is animalia (Bostwick). The phylum is chordate (Bostwick). The class is actinopterygii (Bostwick). The order is perciformes (Bostwick). The family is