Which concept is more sociological? Why? How does institutional discrimination differ from discrimination? Which is more sociological? Why? In your essay, please draw on the reading.
Ideological racism is a concept that is…
In the case of the United States, for much of the countrys history, the important institutions were dominated by the White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) community. As a result, all other immigrant groups were disadvantaged from the outset. Even among whites, Eastern European ethnic groups and South European communities (the most prominent of which are the Italian Americans) were discriminated against. The challenges were all the more steep for immigrant groups of other races. This includes the Hispanics, African Americans and Asian Americans. A typical example of the potency of ideological racism is the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which barred Chinese immigrants from attaining citizenship. This legislation was prompted by the ideology of the dominant group, the WASPs, who believed in modelling American society on the basis of their traditional values and beliefs.
Prejudice, when compared with ideological racism, is relatively unstructured. Prejudice is largely an expression at the individual level, as opposed to ideological racism which is clearly defined and recognized by the entire society. Since prejudice can differ from one individual to the other, and since it does not lend itself to easy definitions, it is tough to study it sociologically. Ideological racism, by virtue of being part of mainstream discourse, as well as being well-documented, gives the sociologist a lot of factual and statistical material to conduct his/her analysis. Seen in this way, ideological racism can be said to be more sociological.
Similar logic can be applied in differentiating between institutional discrimination and other forms of discrimination. Institutional discrimination is the blatant expression of prejudiced attitudes and beliefs, which is often backed by legislation. For example, before 1960s, black children were not allowed to register in schools exclusively meant for white children. This policy of segregation was backed by law, which ...
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The indigenous people think that as the foreigners grow in number in their homeland, they would soon be sufficient to become powerful and independent. If that happens, the foreigners may confiscate the jobs, opportunities and resources that have long remained the property of the indigenous people.
Prejudice and Racism: The Differences and the Ways to Deal with Them.
There exists widespread view that prejudice and racism are for all purposes the same things, being caused by psychological biases of some bigoted individuals. Nonetheless, there are some important differences between these two concepts.
Link: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/1996/05/13/212386/index.htm Application Essay – Prejudice This article featuring Denny’s turnaround from one of the most racist if not the most racist restaurant in America to an ethnically diversified restaurant is a classic example of prejudice and racial discrimination.
Several measures of implicit prejudice are either indirect or concealed behavioral manifestations of prejudice, such as eye contact, linguistic biases, or non-verbal behaviors which may be subject to deliberate control though typically would not be. Some are actually implicit measures of regular physiological or cognitive responses that cannot be deliberately controlled.
On the other hand, discrimination is the positive or negative actions that is taken by an individual towards a member of a certain group and is influenced by the existing prejudice (Russell, Jarvis and Gorman, 2004). A prejudice is an extreme stereotype that is cognitive in nature and progresses through anti-locution, avoidance, discrimination, physical attacks and finally extermination (Brown, 2010).
The issue of racism has long been repetitively studied throughout the history. It became one of the reasons in wars fought by countries and most of the time, discriminations. The concept of racism has long been a topic of argument between people and it produced prejudices between people whether of different biological features or ancestral origins.
However, even if such a situation is evidenced, it is unlikely that the same ideological support and understanding/evidence for such a stance will remain unchanged. Rather, as experience dictates a new approach and additional levels of information, the individual will come to appreciate and seize additional information as a means of proving or solidifying the way in which ideas are formed or supported.
From the onset I would proceed with the thesis that on the one hand and in certain set of circumstances I am the perpetrator of prejudice and on the other hand and in certain other set of circumstances I am the victim of the same prejudice.
It develops when someone postulates a belief towards a group of people. This can be positive or negative just like when someone suggests an opinion that Asians are smart or that Black Americans are highly athletic or that Brits are superior. On the other hand,