The reduced wound healing time of the individual can be related to the production of granulocytes which require glucose as their source of energy and as glucose as is not entering the cells energy is not being provided to the cells for the uptake of amino acids. Because of this proteins cannot be synthesized in the cells. All these factors lead to reduced wound healing in the tissues. In polyuria the urinary output of a person is increased in diabetes, in polydipsia the person gets thirsty again and again and lastly polyphagia increases the appetite of the person (Lawal 2008 & Deshpande et al 2008).
Diabetes mellitus is said to be working as a slow poison in the body and it can affect many processes in the body. It is noted that Diabetes Mellitus can further cause a huge damage to the different systems of the body. Neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, cardiovascular stroke and peripheral vascular diseases are common diseases caused by the chronic processes of diabetes. In neuropathy the nerve cells of the body are damaged because of which the autonomic nervous system is affected usually. In retinopathy the macular retina of an individual is destroyed and this can lead to blindness. In nephropathy it can be seen that diabetes causes an alteration in the structure of the kidneys. And this may also lead to kidney failures in the long term if not treated properly. It is also seen that diabetes is related to the blood pressures as it is a major cause of hypertension nowadays. Because of hypertension the individuals also tend to develop ischemic heart diseases which further lead to hypoxia in the heart muscles and thus cardiac failure or cardiac stroke may occur. Peripheral Vascular Disease is another major disease caused by diabetes in the body. Diabetes can directly act on the blood vessels and narrow them. The most affected blood vessels by diabetes are the ones leading to the stomach, legs, arms and kidneys.