This interrelationship is of great significance in the development of Chinese culture, social movement and modernization.
Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to investigate what happens to ideas and ideologies when they are transplanted to settings other than their own original time and context. The main focus will be on Confucianism applied to the challenge of modernization in China, modern western liberalism in pre- and post- May 4th era, and Marxism in both pre- and post- 1949 China.
Until 1917, Chinese literary language was regarded as the key cultural domain or “the national essence”, and was one of the few elements of China’s tradition that did not succumb to the challenge of modernization presented by western imperialism4. The Chinese Civil War (1927 to 1949) drew to a close with the Chinese revolution of 1949, and later led to the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976).
By this time, traditional Chinese culture was believed to have expired, though the decline began soon after 1895. However, Mao Tse-Tung, the Chinese communist leader and others believed that modernization was “a self-renewal of China’s inherent tradition…of thought and culture,”5 and this was the basis on which Western sciences and technologies were transplanted into China, while rejecting the socio-political and ideological culture of the West. From the end of the 1970s, contemporary and modern western philosophical trends were gradually incorporated into Chinese ideologies, eliminating dogmatism and old traditional thought hardened by lack of reform.
Confucius (551-479 BCE), the Chinese philosopher, thinker and educator, established various guidelines towards living human life optimally. Confucianism has deeply influenced Chinese philosophy and ideologies. One thousand years before the conceptualization of humanism in the West, Confucianism stressed on the value of humanity, the ...
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They feel like the system in place is unjust, giving them a sense of injustice and mistreatment. They join the group to get empowered and enjoy a sense of belonging. Social movements are created due to industrialization, mass education, increased urbanization, development of communication technologies, and political rights (Porta & Diani, 2006).
While the policy by the United States has remained almost unchanged for most of the period under consideration, the circumstances they are always designed to address have changed dramatically. These include the complex political changes that have occurred in both Taiwan and PRC such as changes in the military balance and change of economic fortunes as well as the connection of economic interests.
Some feel liberalism is a cultural attitude; others believe it is the ideology of the rising bourgeoisie, many explaining it as opposition to excessive state power and a coherent body of principles based upon the idea of individual freedom. However, the concept of social liberalism locates middle ground between uninhibited classical liberalism and more extreme ideologies.
Chinese media has been actively participating in combining democracy with nationalism but still it remains unable to bridge the gap between the two, the best examples of its failure in bringing democracy is the incident of Tiananmen Square Protest, which we would discuss later.
Nevertheless, it is possible to find economic and political similarities in China and Japan, and compare their development after WWII.
The political development of China was influenced by the Soviet Union ideology. China Republic, announced in 1949, adopted the "best" traditions of communism and reflected the model of the Soviet Union political structure.
He used a complex approach to economic reform. A holistic approach to changes made Deng-era a landmark in Chinese history. On the basis of crucial role of leadership and through strategic directions of economic reforms led to totalitarian regime of the country. Political
akers owned slaves they were the first social group to speak against the dehumanizing effects of slavery and the forcible separation of Blacks from their families. The disparate voices of various pro-abolition proponents finally crystallized into a homogeneous whole that was the
Few years ago, the Supreme Court decriminalized homosexuality in India and the decision was heavily criticized by the conservative groups in India. To make this decision, the court demanded the actual number of
This involves a psychological phenomenon which needs to be studied.
In research design the research hypothesis is the prediction or the expectation that need to be tested by the researcher. Hypothesis is used in
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