emissions related to COP15 will be offset by a climate project in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, thus making the conference effectively climate neutral (“COP15”).
The foundational basis for the conference is the belief that a worldwide need exists for controls to be placed on human-generated influences that contribute to the phenomenon of global warming. The term ‘anthropogenic factors’ pertains to human activities that change the environment. Presently the scientific consensus on climate change is that human activity is a primary cause for the rapid increase in global average temperatures over the past several decades. Of particular concern are the factors that increase the CO2 levels, such as emissions from fossil fuel combustion and aerosols, among others. Reducing this environmental impact has become the basis for a number of UN-sponsored global conferences, of which COP15 is the latest.
The multiple ways that climate change can impact any geographic area has long been a source of concern to governments around the world. Among the things that it can affect are the planting calendars for agriculture, rainfall patterns, sunshine hours and cloud cover, and ocean and atmospheric circulation patterns. Some of these factors may lead to extreme weather events, such as hurricanes, tornados and drought. Other possible effects are decreased fishery yields and food security, land and marine ecosystem degradation, soil erosion, the spread of plant pests and diseases, more frequent forest fires, and flooding.
An important cog in the deliberations surrounding climate change is how to move on, as a global society, from energy generated by fossil fuels. The major ‘green’ alternatives constitute burgeoning industries in their own right, as the search continues for the best replacements for oil, gas and coal. Proponents of each alternate energy option tout their ability to generate power by working with nature, rather than against it. The long-term view by the