een trampled upon by the USA Patriot Act of 2001 (a contrived acronym meaning Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism), established in the aftermath of September 11th to protect Americans from the threat of future terror on American soil. Controversial from the outset, the Patriot Act represented a serious departure from established legal norms and prior American jurisprudence with respect to civil liberty legislation (ACLU 2008). Following an analysis of the Patriot Act, this brief essay will explore the key motivations behind the U.S. Civil Rights Movement by exploring those who fought institutionalized racism and discrimination during the latter half of the twentieth century. We now turn to the most important challenge to civil rights and liberties in this country, the US Patriot Act and its effects on the right to privacy, freedom of assembly and due process in the 21st century.
Created under the pretense of securing the United States against the threat of terror in the wake of 9/11, the Patriot Act of 2001 significantly strengthened the scope of powers afforded to law enforcement agencies while redefining the term terrorism to include domestic terror, i.e. homegrown terror perpetuated by American citizens. Accordingly, this Act significantly sought to redefine the rights of law enforcement vis-à-vis the rights and liberties of the American public.This Act increased the powers of law enforcement agencies to gain access to previously protected forms of communication include telephone conversations, email, financial, medical, business and other private recorder. Additional powers relate to the surveillance and detention of immigrants and broad powers of detention are given to law enforcement agencies with respect to immigrants in the United States. Major criticisms of the USA Patriot act are leveled at the fact that this particular piece of legislation tramples over civil liberties and ...
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It is due to this role that the police are accorded the powers of arresting and taking into custody those citizens whom they feel that they have reasonable grounds to warrant an arrest. It may be important to note that the arrested person is denied some of the fundamental rights such as the freedom of movement, freedom of association among others but it is also necessary to mention that this does not warrant inhumane treatment as detainees are also protected by the same laws which define the expected code of conduct to be observed by the arresting officers at the time of arrest through to the time justice is dispensed on the accused (Smith, 2010).
It is for this reason that government intercepts in many activities without warrants or information to the person involved. A question at this point is asked by many as to which information should be classified and which should not be? In such a world the limitations that are put on our rights have been argued by many.
It is sole responsibility of every individual in the various communities and societies in general to identify, recognize and uphold particular civil liberties. Every individual needs to know the scopes of civil liberties applicable at every stage of human life.
This paper will explore among other things, the benefits of civil liberties, police simulation programs and how the police are an essential in upholding, protecting and ensuring every citizen has equal access to civil liberties. Police officer stimulation is necessary for all police officers in the United States of America should undergo in order to efficiently execute the constitutional role required to protect civil liberties.
However, there have been instances when the state itself deprived its citizens of these rights. Example of Imam Jamil Al-Amin is one such example of infringements of basic civil rights. Jamil Al-Amin is a dominant name in the history of African Americans and their struggle for civil rights.
Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights1Convention states that: "Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence. There shall be no interference by a public authorityexcept in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others".
I would like to think that by smiling at them at the start of their workday, I was able to bring a little brightness into their lives and perhaps influenced them into going about their day in a more positive manner than they started out. On my part, I have to say that I felt very lighthearted and welcoming of the people whom I smiled at.
These two terms have remained almost synonymous though they have marginal differences. Declaration of independence formed the basis of American struggle to achieve civil liberty and rights as this was considered the back bone of an inclusive
In dissimilarity to political rights, which is only exercised through conditioned eligibility as a registered voter or candidates, civil liberty is enjoyed universally. Currently, (Baker, Thomas, 2006),
One of the controversial liberties is the liberty to take one’s own life. The issue often occurs when the patient is terminally ill. Most patients do not want to continue their suffering (Blanco, 2014). Consequently, some request their medical doctors to end the
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