A person or human is defined by the author as a creation of God that possesses moral freedom with the capacity to make decisions at will, which can either be good or evil. This distinct character is what makes a person what he or she is (p. 107-108).
Free will is the human being’s freedom to make decisions in their own ‘volition’ and to take responsibility or accept the consequences that can occur through the interplay of different factors such as morality. Hick equated freewill with personal or moral freedom (p. 107).
2. In the creation of man by God the main aim is to have moral freedom which is defined by the process of making a decision or choice on the basis of his own will. For that matter if man is exposed in the natural evil that is present in his environment, he acts on his moral freedom. Man is different from God, thus, mistakes and evil acts can occur as a manifestation of being human. For that matter, the actions and behavior of man is not a ground to question the omniscience of God (p. 107).
Evil is necessary because without it goodness has no worth (p.104-105). Evil is natural since the only perfect being is God and every entity can be influence by the presence of pain, suffering or degradation (p.106).
The human or moral evil is a distinct characteristic of people since they are finite beings. If they only do the right things then they are ‘self-contradictory’ because they cannot randomly choose the right or the good decision in every step of the way (p.107).
4. Hick would express his view that natural evil is present as good is but it depend on the choice of the human to choose evil over goodness. For that matter it cannot be stated that human evil comprise the evil present in the world since there are pain and suffering that cannot be related to man. In addition, decisions made by