Although humans can have other sensory experiences like touch, smell and hearing, and from which knowledge about the world is also procured, the human visual system offers a unique experience. Seeing allows for an awareness not only of basic visual attributes such as size, shape, color and texture, but also of orientation and location relative to other objects and to the perceiver. Studies show that primates also have the ability to perceive objects in photographs, but unlike human beings, they are unable to distinguish an object appearing in a photograph from that appearing right in front of them. The human visual system is highly evolved as it takes on vital functions for the survival of the human race. One’s initial judgment of pleasant or unpleasant entities in the surrounding, more often than not, begins as a visual experience. Furthermore, how the human visual system operates to aid in the efficiency of human actions or reactions is impressive. For instance, one may be dimly aware of the cars on the road when driving, but still is able to maneuver one’s car in traffic.
In simple terms, the question that the book answers is: How do human beings see things? Visual cognition has been linked to two consequential phenomena, thinking and acting, two processes which although occurring simultaneously are presented in the book as happening in separate locations of the brain. Authors Jacob and Jeannerod assess the dual model of the human visual processing stating that a visual stimulus will lead to two responses: a perceptual visual representation (visual percept) and a visuomotor representation. The visual percepts are the basic information about the object such as color, shape and texture. The visuomotor representations are the aspects of an object relevant to eliciting an action upon it. Although it is has been observed that these two representations can occur if perfect synchronicity, research reveals that these two types of processing happen in ...
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(Ways of Seeing: The Scope and Limits of Visual Cognition, Pierre Jacob Essay)
“Ways of Seeing: The Scope and Limits of Visual Cognition, Pierre Jacob Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/384466-ways-of-seeing-the-scope-and-limits-of-visual-cognition-pierre-jacob-and-marc-jeannerod.
Cognition Cognition is a term that is used to refer to internal mental processes, and is related to how people think, solve problems, learn to speak and other related concepts. It is generally studied using the scientific method, meaning that it relies on gathering empirical data and rejects looking at cognitive processes from a subjective introspective manner.
In A View from a Bridge the author attempts to describe the world through words to a boy with no sight. McDonald makes use of detailed descriptions of this account and realizes that beauty is too often overlooked in everyday life. While Mark Twain describes his idea of the Mississippi river from two angles or two perspectives to illustrate his philosophical interpretation of difference between aesthetic beauty and the mechanical or the scientific analysis of life and its various phenomena.
From an array of tools of art, Berger has mainly used photographs; paints; canvas etc to help the readers understand how these objects mainly only supplement what the eyes see. These materials are made use of in order to reflect the status of thoughts of the artist to the audience so that they may understand the motives behind the particular piece of art.
Berger is intent to challenge ways of looking at art and other images that ignore the status of works of art as commodities. He completely re-shifts the readers understanding of art. It is about art philosophy, but much more than that, how we understand the nature of art, and how it relates to our cultures and societies.
Obviously, there were many debates about how a subject examining internal processes could possibly examine cognition from an external perspective, but new techniques in neuroscience have allowed thehave
It can be produced for a mass audience and has art de-mystification as the central or core aim. Mass audience is possible since it is also present in film form. The paper will lucidly describe and analyze chapter three of
As the study, Ways of Seeing, stresses this book talks about old master’s painting reproduction outdo the work of art in the Age of Mechanical reproduction. In addition, the book also talks about nude female whose desire not only depicts a woman as herself but also as a subject of male idealization or desire.
Up to now, art does not improve because people remain the same; they have the same hopes and fears as human beings, so art does not improve because humans have not improved in their innermost desires.
In a short paragraph explain:
The standard of value set in a society enable people to evaluate objects, relations, and diverse phenomena only due to their prior knowledge and preset belief (Berger, 8). For instance, according to his first stance seeing an object does not solely develop
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