It is often said in passing conversation that the present is a product of the past; the idea being that the past, by virtue of being an accumulation of facts, thoughts, and deeds, effectively creates the present. Better put, the present is an everyday enactment of the spectacle…
Instead many postulated that it was the present which determined the past. The Italian thinker and historian Benedetto Croce famously quipped that “every true history is a contemporaneous one” (1989, p.14).1 The idea here was such that, despite the past’s structural influence over the present, in fact it is the present which “creates” the past. This was somewhat revolutionary in two ways: it turned around the traditional view of the past-present relationship and it had as its effect the idealization of human history. History was an idea which, like anything else, is subject to change. Change occurs in the present, thus history (and the past) is made in the present.
The implication of this formulation had many effects on the concept of the nation. The nation, in traditional nineteenth century discourse, was an eternal entity of ancient provenance akin to other popular notions of that century like race, class, and culture. It was Ernest Renan who sought to discredit this approach to nationalism by claiming that “[t]he existence of a nation is an everyday plebiscite, just as the existence of the individual is a constant affirmation of life” 2007, p. 34). Speaking of his native France, where there existed the popular idea that all Frenchmen descended from the Francs, he controversially pointed out that France and “Frenchness” was the result of the centralization of power starting in the sixteenth century on up until the eve of the First World War. This same approach to the concept of the nation as a construct of people’s minds instead of as an objective and ancient entity finds a certain resonance in the case of modern India where one can find all the aspects of national-conscious building, creative-history writing, and past construction in all their subjective minutiae. India, after its 1947 independence from Britain, found itself in the awkward position of simultaneously “creating” a past which both highlighted the country’s ...
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“India: The Postcolonial Nation-State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/384913-india-the-postcolonial-nation-state.
(Name) (University) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Introduction State bank of India (SBI) is considered to be the biggest bank in India in relation to customer base, though it is not the best. In 2006, SBI chairman contended that, in order for the bank to move from the view of being the biggest bank to the view of the bank being the best, there as a need to reconsider changing the leadership pattern (State bank of India).
The essay considers the theories of “failure to deliver political goods” and “emerging anarchy”, the term "new war" in the context of globalization, the concept of “new terrorism” which includes the ability to create “ a climate of terror” and seeks to “eliminate moderate voices and to defeat tolerance”, and the differences between old terrorism and “new terrorism”
The minority Congress government of Narasimha Rao at the center initiated a paradigm shift in the politics and economics of the country. The drastic policy changes introduced in 1991 were more or less inspired by the laissez-faire capitalism and neoliberalism of models such as “Washington Consensus”, “Structural Adjustment Plan” and “New World Order”.
According to the report the numerous conflicts that have happened since, perhaps the advent of globalisation poses a completely different challenge. Many feared that nation-states will be a thing of the past, and that these would be emasculated as their national sovereignty is gradually diminished by the new order of things as brought about by globalisation.
Certainly, everyone understands globalization is ushering in a new life of border-free, unrestricted relationships between communities, but at the same time, contemporary social processes and intellectual tendencies restrain the local tradition. This leads to the complication in the system of language policies and practices.
Smith and his colleagues continue that the unprecedented volume and velocity of international flows of trade, investment, information, cultural exchanges, and human migrations are creating a new, more tightly integrated, world and one that seems to be in the throes of some fundamental structuring (Smith et al.
‘sold’ their freedom to the adventurous Western countries and the process through which they ‘regained’ political and cultural independence. What were the racist and colonial undertones? How people from another
According to the report a nation is a group of people that is tightly-knit and which shares a common culture. It is larger compared to a single community or tribe, that share a common language, history, institutions, and religion. By this definition therefore, a nation does not necessarily need to have physical borders.An example of a nation is Japan.
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Before independence, most nations were under the rule of the colonial masters. The people felt that the colonial
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