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Monolingual teachers perceptions and beliefs in elementary schools towards English Language Learners - Essay Example

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Monolingual teachers perceptions and beliefs in elementary schools towards English Language Learners

lic school students in grades K-12 was an English language learner (ELL), that is, a student who speaks English either not at all or with enough limitations that he or she cannot fully participate in mainstream English instruction. Today the figure is 1 in 9. Demographers estimate that in 20 years it might be 1 in 4. The ELL population has grown from 2 million to5 million since 1990, a period when the overall school population increased only 20 percent. By far, the majority of ELLs - 80 percent - are Spanish speakers” (Teaching English Language Learners, p3).
CALP - (cognitive academic language proficiency) the dimension of proficiency in which a learner manipulates or reflects on the surface features of language in academic contexts, such as text-taking, writing analysis, and reading academic texts.
The following definitions have been earmarked for further study: “Predictable and consistent classroom management routines, aided by diagrams, lists, and easy-to-read schedules on the board or on charts, to which the teacher refers frequently; Graphic organizers that make content and the relationships among concepts and different lesson elements visually explicit; Additional time and opportunities for practice, either during the school day, after school, or for homework; Redundant key information, e.g., visual cues, pictures, and physical gestures about lesson content and classroom procedures; Identifying, highlighting, and clarifying difficult words and passages within texts to facilitate comprehension, and more generally greatly emphasizing vocabulary development; Helping students consolidate text knowledge by having the teacher, other students, and ELLs themselves summarize and paraphrase; Giving students extra practice in reading words, sentences, and stories in order to build automaticity and fluency; Providing opportunities for extended interactions with teacher and peers; Adjusting instruction (teacher vocabulary, rate of speech, sentence complexity, and ...Show more

Summary

The population of English Language Learners (ELL) in the United States has reached a stage when it is not possible to ignore them without harming the nation’s interests. The majority of them are Hispanics. However, there are others like Asians who are increasing phenomenally…
Author : hansenjacey
Monolingual teachers perceptions and beliefs in elementary schools towards English Language Learners essay example
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