In his book “Descartes’ Error” Antonio Damasio deals with the popular misconception about human mind, especially those that are ensued by ‘Cartesian dualism’. Damasio’s argument primarily revolves around his proposition that the human being is the integration of body…
They are the result of a most curious physiological arrangement that has turned the brain into the body’s captive audience” (Damasio 34). Whereas the traditional Cartesian view of body and asserts, individually existential mind dominates the bodily existence of human being, Damasio affirms that the existence of mind itself begins from the physical feeling, as he says, “Feelings let us catch a glimpse of the organism in full biological swing, a reflection of the mechanism of life itself as they go about their business” (Damasio 34). Damasio’s view of mind further implicates that human mind is more of a social construction of moral, ethic and values that he proves through the case study of legendary Gage’s injury. In this regard Damasio comments that
“Were it not for the possibility of sensing body states that are inherently ordained to be painful or pleasurable, there would be no suffering or bliss, no longing or mercy, no tragedy or glory in the human condition” (Damasio 35).
Damasio’s approach to human body and mind contrast with Freud’s approach in the sense that the place of the physical existence is of less importance in Freud’s approach than in Damasio’s one. Freudian view of mind is an individual entity that develops through bodily experience and feelings. The space-time matrix of the Freudian dream clearly asserts that mind is the reflection of human existence in which body is the limitation spatial restriction of human mind and mind can transcend this limitation through his imagination. In their book, “Studies on Hysteria” Freud and Breuer acknowledge the physicality of human being as a contribution to the development of mind. But this approach of Freud and Breuer, though resembles to that of Damasio’s, differs from his approach on the point that though mind is shaped by bodily feeling, Freud and Breuer’s concept of mind does not include the physical function of human brain to the development of mind. According to ...
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(“Neurobiology, the unconscious, affect and desire: Damasio and Freud Essay”, n.d.)
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(Neurobiology, the Unconscious, Affect and Desire: Damasio and Freud Essay)
“Neurobiology, the Unconscious, Affect and Desire: Damasio and Freud Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/385350-neurobiology-the-unconscious-affect-and-desire-damasio-and-freud.
His work and findings revolved around human psyche including the ID, Ego, Superego, dream interpretation, personality, clinical psychology and many more. Initial Studies Freud studied medicine at the University of Vienna and got his doctorate in 1981. Soon he got fascinated with the emotional disorder in humans called hysteria.
Unconscious Bias The article entitled “The case for behavioral strategy” written by Lovallo and Sibony (2010) and published in the McKinsey Quarterly on March 2010 focuses on the role of subconscious cognitive biases, defined as “systematic tendencies to deviate from rational calculations” (Lovallo and Sibony, 2010, par.
Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis was an Austrian neurologist. Sigmund Freud advocated the thought that unconscious conflicts, which are usually related to sex or aggression, are the main motivators of the human behavior. Freud was thus the first psychologist to bring unconscious mind on the formal platform of psychological theory.
or who worked with mental patients in Vienna prior to 1959 and is considered one of the founding fathers of modern day psychology because of his development of the psychoanalytic theory. Originally trained as a neurologist, Freud’s work with his patients, frustrated by a
Helen Walker Puner (1992) argues “Some of his earliest conclusions, once he reached while he and Breuer were still working together, are today naive” (p.81) Current understandings in clinical observations have taken a big leap over the head of this think-tank of
However he also gave the theory of unconscious motivations and unconscious dynamics that had a pervasive and profound influence on humanity. Freud suggested three cognitive systems of human personality that are