The concept of the Welfare State, as Barr (2004) postulates, lacks precision and as such no single faceted definition can be best termed as best describing it. The reason behind the above statement is as a result of the fact that welfare stems its meaning from an array of sources that go beyond activities that fall within the province of the state. Moreover, there are a whole range of modes for delivering services to citizens that are deemed welfare services. Some of the services that are entailed in the welfare kitty are funded by the state but the same state does not produce this services. Some of the services are produced publicly but their delivery is free. Some of the services are brought by the private sector with some acquired by persons whereupon they get financing from the state. Despite the fact that the limits of welfare are not clearly stated the concept of the welfare state is used as a diminutive hand for the activities of the state in 4 wide areas. Barr (2004) postulates that primarily, these services are education and healthcare as well as housing, food and other services that are enjoyed on welfare. Our study will be based on education.
The major aims of the Welfare State are best described under 4 general groups. Welfare ideally, is formulated with the objective of supporting living standards, and diminishing the inherent inequalities and by doing so it strives to desist from cost explosion as well as deters actions that are conducive to adverse selection as well as moral hazard. All the above stated aims of the Welfare State are achieved through maintaining administrative costs on the low as well as structuring the welfare system with models that do not condone abuse of power by those that are charged with running the welfare system.
The road that led to assenting to the above objectives in the U.K commenced with the liberal reforms in 1906 to nineteen fourteen as Marcuzzo (1996) observes. The kingdom was not fully