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Policy analysis of Working Together to Reduce Harm ( The Substance Misuse Strategy for Wales 2008-2018) - Essay Example

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Policy analysis of Working Together to Reduce Harm ( The Substance Misuse Strategy for Wales 2008-2018)

Therefore, it is considered to be a major public health and social issue (Goulden and Sondhi 2001).
In the year 2004 to 2005, 14% men and 8% women of the age range 16-59 had the history of illicit drug use in the previous year. The main problem substances were opioids. Most of the people attending treatment programmes were polysubstance abusers involving a range of illicit substances and alcohol. Reports indicated increased use of cocaine in comparison to cannabis, amphetamine, and LSD. The problem is more acute in the younger age group of the age range of 16-24 years, with a recorded percentage of 33% men and 21% women. The most commonly abused substances were cannabis, cocaine, and ecstasy. There is another dimension of the harm caused by substance abuse. Those who abuse substances through injection route, the major harm caused by it is contamination with and transmission of blood-borne viruses. There have been reports of sharing needles directly and sharing other equipments. These may lead to HIV, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, sepsis, and thrombosis with or without embolism. Substance misuse may lead to overdosage leading to death, and there had been reports from Welsh. Substance misuse has been closely linked with crimes and offenses (Welsh Assembly Government 2007).
Given such harmful effects of substance misuse, there should be local legislation and policies to prevent harm related to substance misuse. Welsh is not an exception of that. The total economic and social cost of Class A drug misuse in Welsh amounts to £780 million a year and 90% of this has been connected to drug related crimes. Welsh Assembly Government has employed a 10-year strategy spanning between 2008-2018, which is known as Working Together to Reduce Harm with a goal to work in the framework of a National Agenda to tackle and reduce all harms associated with substance misuse (Eaton et al. 2007).
The key aims of this agenda are individual harm reduction, avoiding stigmatization ...Show more

Summary

Substance misuse and the harm caused by it is well known, and although its definition varies according to context, cultural practices, popular beliefs, local legislation has important role to play in reducing the harm it may cause. Substance misuse has been defined by illicit…
Author : sipesaudreanne
Policy analysis of Working Together to Reduce Harm ( The Substance Misuse Strategy for Wales 2008-2018) essay example
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