As such, the USA Patriot Act is the appropriate response to terrorism.
Al Qaeda attack on the World Trade Centre on 11th September, 2001, is an acronym for ‘Uniting And Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required To Intercept And Obstruct Terrorism.’ This statute was signed into law by President George Bush on 26 October, 2001. The main thrust of the Act is the streamlining of communication between the miscellaneous intelligence agencies, and the strengthening of the powers of law enforcement agencies in accessing private records, gathering intelligence, regulating financial transactions and controlling immigration. A reauthorization Bill, incorporating several changes, was passed in March, 2006. It is indisputable that the Patriot Act is a necessary and potent tool to combat terrorism, and to plug the existing loopholes that impede investigations. Some provisions of the Act have generated debate in the context of the infringement of privacy and civil liberties. The three controversial provisions of the Patriot Act are Section 213 which validates delayed notification search warrants, Section 215 which provides intelligence agencies access to private records, and Section 802 which defines domestic terrorism.
Section 213 of the Patriot Act, which has been dubbed the ‘sneak and peek’ provision, authorizes the FBI to search the business or residential premises of a terrorism suspect without giving the target of the investigation any immediate notice of the search. Searches may be conducted by secret court orders, without a criminal subpoena, by submitting that the search is ‘sought for’ in an ongoing investigation. The FBI does not have to establish that it has ‘probable cause’ to infer that the suspect is actively involved in terrorist activity. (ACLU ProCon.org). Critics aver that the standards set by the Act for obtaining broad
It aims to streamline communication between the various intelligence agencies and strengthen the arm of law enforcement in the areas of surveillance, finance and immigration…
It was quickly accepted by Congress just a month and a half following the September 11 attacks. Pressure to pass anti-terrorism legislation prevailed over the need to understand what the 342 page Act entailed and the Act became federal law in October of 2001.
This Act enhances law enforcement by providing a number of investigatory tools. It aims to punish the perpetrators of terrorism at home and the world. This Act fortifies measures to prevent, detect, and prosecute the perpetrators of international money laundering and financing to terrorist activities (USA PATRIOT Act).
The aim of the act is to detect the criminals who are within the US borders, get hold of them and put them through a legal trial before they engage in committing such criminal activities that would endanger the lives of the American people (Mac Donald, 10).
This was ensured both, for the enforcement of law, and for the purpose of gathering foreign intelligence. It assisted the secretary of the treasury with regulatory powers to encounter the corruption of United States financial institutions efficiently. The act assists in enforcing new criminal laws, new forms of penalties and efficiencies in procedures for using against both domestic and foreign terrorists.
However, prior to reviewing the effect that the United States of America Patriot Act has on the law enforcement, it is of paramount importance to understand what the Patriot Act entail. The Patriot Act was signed into law by on October 26th, 2001 by President Bush and was aimed at Strengthening and Uniting America by obscuring and intercepting terrorism, through the provision of appropriate tools (USA PATRIOT Act 107).
Many individual and group stakeholders have decried the effects of the Patriot Act 2001 on the liberties and rights of U.S citizens as enshrined in the U.S Constitution. Like the other departments, the education sector has also been affected.
The act was formed as a counter reaction to frequent terrorist attacks on America, the most significant of which has taken place on the 11th of September. The act’s purpose is to provide US law enforcement agencies with special powers to assist in preventing future terrorist attacks (Etzioni, 2004).
USA Patriot Act 2001
Widespread fear and panic amongst the citizens of America due to the fear of a 3rd terrorist attack led congress to pass a law that they felt would give the government more security and control over the situation. October 23, 2001, Republican Rep.
Pressure to pass anti-terrorism legislation prevailed over the need to understand what the 342 page Act entailed and the Act became federal law in October of 2001. Provisions of the Act violate the Constitution and tear down the freedoms for which true patriots
The author provides one of the perfect examples of this situation, the case of Ashton Lundeby, a sixteen year old who was arrested for allegedly sending bomb threat; he was arrested from his home on the night of 15 February and is denied the right to get due process. There are various powers given to the Federal agents under the Patriot Act.
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