Trevithick indicates that according to a study carried out by Birdwhistell “in a typical encounter involving two people, the actual spoken or verbal content is likely to carry only one third of the social meaning in any given encounter, whereas the non-verbal forms convey roughly two thirds of the meaning” (Trevithick, 1995).
The methods used by social workers cover a large array of feelings, events, experiences and past traumas. It is essential for these methods to be compatible with social work values. There are some methods which are more suitable than others depending on the case. Planning the intervention is based on assessment of the current situation and precise evaluation of the best options for intervention. Social adjustment and enhancement of better social relationships is a result of the qualities and knowledge applied by the social workers and the willingness of the person to experience change. The task centred approach and the cognitive behavioural therapy are two methods that are extremely helpful in social work. They aid identifying the problems and finding a way to improve the situation of the person at present.
In the case of John, who has spent most of his life in prison and has a history of alcohol misuse, it is essential to find the best methods to bring him back to society. It is important for the working methods to provide good understanding of the case and pave the way for a successful intervention afterwards.
The task centred approach identifies the partnership with the service user which should be a central aspect of the practice. Partnership is characterized by respect for the service user’s point of view, better communication and recognition of the abilities of the service user to act (Doel and Marsh, 1992). Partnership is highly needed in John’s case since he has been isolated from society for a long time and needs to regain his confidence and feel secure. The essence of the task centred approach is