This does not however imply the so-called cyber infrastructure is the utopia of office environments, albeit on a virtual basis, there are a number of factors that also contribute to the threats towards this modern type of infrastructure, as well as a number of factors that may well culminate within the "failures in the cyber infrastructure" (Goetz & Shenoi p. 351 2008). With this in mind these factors and situations must be analysed to measure the efficacy of either of the scenarios, and weigh up which is indeed arguably the most feasible.
Although a definition is provided within the question and title of this paper, a more comprehensive definition is made available from DeSanctis & Monge (1999) in "Virtual Organization [n]: a collection of geographically distributed, functionally and/or culturally diverse entities that are linked by electronic forms of communication and rely on lateral, dynamic relationships for coordination." This definition incorporates the aforementioned definition, however provides a little more insight in terms of factors that need to be taken into account, with specific reference to the organization. Five main elements exist within this definition, which may be analysed within the greater context of the cyber infrastructure. These elements are:
Starting with these five elements, the geographically distributed factor certainly pertains to the traditional corporation as well as the virtual organization, specifically with reference to organizations that operate on a global basis, or even those with regional representation. However specifically to the virtual organization, the possibility and "variety" of such distribution is far more diverse than being limited to a specific office area or building, as compared to that of the traditional organization, within specific geographic locations, such as that of a head office and satellite branches. Within the case of the