Right from his birth, his adventures under the influence of Enkidu to his last days the readers find that there is always a divine connection in his actions and speeches. The relationship between Gilgamesh and gods can be compared with the relationship of Abraham and God in the Book of Genesis. In both the stories God has a sinifcant role to play in the development of the character. Epic of Gilgamesh goes on to prove that desire of God and destiny of man often comes in conflict. The clash between mortality and desired immortality heightens the tragedy of the epic poem.
The prologue of the epic “Whoever you may be, governor, prince or anyone else, whom the gods may choose to exercise kingship” (George, xxxvi) comments that god has impartial view of mankind. In the poem Gilgamesh is portrayed with lot of glamor. The lines which denote his lordly appearnce and stature are: “Supreme over the kings, lordly in appearance/ he is the hero, born of Uruk, the goring wild bull”. (Kovacs, Tablet I) His appreciation is evident when it is said “Gilgamesh is awesome to perfection” His bravery and courage is reflected in the following lines:
His physical greatness is complemented by his leadership abilities and his camaraderie with his fellow subjects; “He walks out in the front, the leader/ And walks at the rear, trusted by his companions/ Mighty net, protector of his people”. (Kovacs, Tablet I)
The story of Epic of Gilgamesh is clasified into epsiodes namely a) the meeting of Gilgamesh and his friend Enkidu, b) encouter with fickle and voluptuos goddess Shamhat, c) journey through the Cedar forest, d) death of Enkidu and e) search for immortality. The journey through the Cedar forest has high importance because Gilgamesh and Enkidu duo kills the monster Humbaba and also defeat the Bull of Heaven. Ishtar, the goddess of sex and warfare supervises their combats. Companion’s death urges him towards quest for life of eternity. Utnapishtim offers him a chance to