According to an article by the United Nations, “fishing is central to the livelihood and food security of 200 million people worldwide…while one of five individuals depend on fish as the primary source of protein” (“Overfishing: A threat”). Current trends in the diet now include fish as a healthier option. Thus, an increase in the demand for fish had driven the fishing industry to catch more in order to supply the higher consumption of fish—starts of overfishing.
With the rapid sprouting of commercial fishing vessels, more marine creatures are caught by the day; however, this in turn produces significant drawbacks. The fishing industry had produced more equipped vessels, ensuring greater catch (“Overfishing”). “As the catches have gradually become smaller, the mesh sized in fishing nets have also decreased, allowing for more smaller fish to be caught” (Layton). The smaller fishes are never allowed to grow into full-fledged creatures. This is an alarming occurrence, for this could disrupt the reproduction process of most fish. The fishing trend had robbed the ability of Mother Nature to replenish what had been lost at sea.
In overfishing, there is over-exploitation and mismanagement, not only by commercial establishments but also on the part of government agencies. Policies on overfishing had been intentionally ignored by most. A report revealed the ongoing illegal activities on the Indian Ocean coast waters, despite government policies—this continued to threaten the over depleted water supplies (IPP Media). Furthermore, it cited that “the number of fishing permits did not correspond with the amount of stocks available in the ocean, hence, the depletion.” Neglect by the government and continued illegal activities had worsened the already disastrous conditions.
All in all, man’s activity (overfishing) is the main contributing factor in the rapid depletion of fish stocks in the ocean.