On the basis of the trend through history it can be considered that due to the social and technological development, the human civilization is moving from prioritizing cultural relativism to giving more importance to the universal concept of human rights. This can be observed in the changing views of the people regarding the differences in culture. Cultural relativism is founded on the notion that the cultural norms and morality comes first. This is commonly equated to the disregard of human rights as that of the caste system and slavery. Since the periods in history where these events are evident and even considered as the norms, people started to advocate human rights. This advocacy became universal because through the united movement, the effects of cultural relativism can be alienated (p.89-91).
In the query of having a room and opportunity for cultural relativism in the concept of human rights, the answer is positive. This can be attributed to the fact that both concepts are relative. Cultural relativity is based on the priority of the group or community, thus, when there is common ground with the universal concept of human rights this opportunity is achieved. Such cases can be considered as an optimum event since there is less amount of conflict and the positive aspects of each concept can be put into use. Cultural relativism is important in the upholding of human individuality or diversity which is the manner by which every organism in nature is bound to thrive. On the other hand, giving importance to human rights is also important to protect the welfare of the people. Thus, it is important to focus in the achievement of the co-existence between the two concepts (p.91).
The practice and implementation of universal human rights is a complex process on the basis of the fact that it can significantly be affected by numerous ...
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There are many forms of relativism which vary according to the degree of controversy. Relativism is often used for the moral principles, ethics and cultural relativism. Relativism can be of various forms like the philosophical versus the anthropological relativism and normative versus the descriptive relativism.
Blood has been the capital of many of our forefathers so that the present generation will benefit from their sacrifices. Scholars and theorists have endeavoured to refine the elements that comprise human rights. And in the process, several theoretical underpinnings were developed to clearly define a universal definition of human rights.
Just as is the case with many things, cultural relativism can have downsides to it as well as any positives it may have. Relating such details learned to the extent that the observers theoretical view is blurred by the inability to differentiate by that which is good as it comes to cultural practice, or those practices that to the larger extent are in fact not good to begin with.
Often legal strategies have been unable to protect the public from such individuals. Home office (1999, 3) asserted that in many cases known risky people have been returned to the community in spite of even dramatic crimes that would qualify them for life sentences.
When most people consider human rights violations, they think of third-world countries that they've never even stepped foot in, let alone lived in. And although the United States is likely a more comfortable living situation than a third-world country, it certainly has its flaws, and it is imperative that these flaws be addressed.
Similarly, the Civil Rights Movement highlighted that despite social enlightenment regarding the equality of races, there has been little effect on the political and social representation of minorities in the U.S.
Martin Luther King, Jr.'s warning that, "never forget that everything Hitler did in Germany was legal", is a reminder that political and legal rules do not necessarily reflect social and human interests (King, 1963b).
Relativists often see morals as applying only within certain cultures. These people would say that female genital mutilation is okay because it is a cultural practice and an important to a particular culture. They believe there is no standard on which to base your opinion and
on of human rights especially from the perspective of communist and socialist countries, the changes in the political structure of those countries and the third generation human rights.
The quality of human rights enjoyed in different countries varies significantly. As a