Lindsay (2001, March) states that if the “current growth rate of 77 million new people a year” continues, it will lead to the nine billion in 2050 resulting in increased food, clothing, shelter and healthcare requirements in developing countries which are already deficient in these essentials (see Figure 1).
A strong and effective strategy is required to slow down the population growth in developing countries. And this has to be done without affecting their economic, social and political strength. The main reason of higher fertility rate has to be considered first. The nations need to be educated about family planning methods and contraceptive techniques without making a taboo of this issue. But in order to start family planning programs and modernize the nation, the country will have to take loans from the developed world, so the developing countries also need to be supported economically so that they implement such programs that educate the nation to keep birth rate low.
Energy. Developing countries do not have access to renewable energy which is directly related to the living standards. Australian Agency for International Development (2000) affirms that “in rural areas, particularly in remote locations, transmission and distribution of energy generated from fossil fuels can be difficult and expensive”. Thus, renewable energy is a good solution for these areas so as to meet the increasing demands effectively.
Wind power. As fossil fuel supplies are small in developing countries, wind power requirement is increasing as the population grows. Wind power if used as a renewable resource will bring energy to even the remotest areas and it can also be converted to electrical and mechanical forms of energy. For developing countries, this is also economical.
Water. Though water can be renewed to meet the demands, still the renewability can be done only to a certain limit. Thus, the increasing water requirements can be fulfilled only to a