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The use of symbolism in The Iliad by Homer - Research Paper Example

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The king eventually agrees on the condition that he takes the girlfriend of Achilleus, Briseis. Achilleus is the greatest warrior among the Greeks. Achilleus does not have a choice but agrees to give in to the request but swears not to fight for the land any more. He makes a prayer to Thetis, a goddess, who happens to be his mother for her to arrange with other gods for the king to start getting defeated in war. This way, his people would notice his role in war and how much they needed him.
The goddess agrees to do so and she convinces Zeus, who is the king of the gods to arrange for the request from Achilleus. In the following day, Hector who is the greatest warrior from the side of the Trojans makes an attack with his army. The Achaians are pinned against the beach and the Trojans are about to burn their ships when Achilleus friends asks Achilleus for permission to join the battle on his behalf. Achilleus allows him and even gives him his armor.
When the Trojans see him, they think that it is Achilleus and they are terrified. They manage to kill him by the help of Apollo, a god. They later learn that it was not Achilleus that they killed after removing his armor. Achilleus grieves his dead friend in a terrible way. He swears to revenge the death of his friend. Achilleus sends his mother to make a new armor for him made by the fire god. He joins the battle the following day and kills many of the enemy. They have a one on one battle with Hector and he manages to kill him. He takes Hector’s body and abuses it in a gruesome way which does not make the gods happy. They send a message to him to give up the body. The king, Hector’s father comes unarmed to ask for his son’s body and the request is granted. It ends with Hector’s funeral but the writers makes the reader aware that Achilleus will be killed and troy will be captured.
There are many instances in the story where symbolism has been used. For instance, symbolism is used where Homer uses the phrase ...Show more


It narrates an epic story and begins in the tenth year of the Trojan War when tensions are high among the Achaians. King Agamemnon was holding…
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