These women become especially vulnerable to flight and forced displacement when civil unrest and wars are fought by their mother countries or by their ethnic communities. These issues of gender impact differently on the processes of flight and forced displacement; in some instances, it may bear a heavier or much more significant impact as compared to other issues. This paper shall assess the extent to which the issues of gender bear importance in processes of flight and displacement. It shall use particular cases in order to present a clear explanation of the issues set forth in this paper.
The extent to which issues of gender are important in processes of flight and forced displacement may be considered based on several points which relate to the impact that displacement can bring to a person’s life. Women are especially vulnerable because many of them are often subjected to rape, involuntary servitude and violence (Buscher & McKenna, 2006). These are abuses which are often successfully perpetrated on women because they are physically weaker and may not be able to fend off the violent and forceful advances of strong and powerful men. Nevertheless, “displaced and refugee women and girls are often resilient survivors, courageous protectors and untiring caregivers” (Buscher & McKenna, 2006, p. 1). However, these women must first face dangers unique to their gender like rape, gender-based violence and even forced labor. They are also in danger during various stages of displacement from their flight to their displacement and on to their return (Buscher & McKenna, 2006). They, along with their children, face these risks and dangers, even as they face the daily challenge of trying to survive with hardly any food, clothing, or shelter.
In the case of the Afghan women, children and girls, they faced and they are still facing most of the dangers as previously mentioned above. Gender