different kind of conflict’ in order to determine if this new kind of war confirms the new trends in war which were referred to as ‘the transformation of war’ and ‘new wars’ by scholars of the 1990s. According to the author, the body of literature a decade before 11 September asserts that a new kind of warfare began to emerge in the West during the 1990s. “This article examines whether 11 September and its immediate aftermath – the US campaign in Afghanistan – confirmed these trends, or whether it really did constitute a different kind of war. It does so through a four-part framework: that during the 1990s wars were localised; that the enemy was not a state but a regime or individual leader; that civilian deaths should be minimised; and that wars were fought on behalf of the West by professionals, but that the risks to these forces should also be minimised.” (McInnes) Therefore, the article by Colin McInnes undertakes a significant investigation of the new kind of warfare which started in the 1990s and announced later by the U.S. following 11 September terrorist attack. This paper makes a profound exploration and review of the article “A different kind of war? September 11 and the United States’ Afghan” incorporating a brief overview of the article, an analysis of its strengths and weaknesses, and an engagement with a counter-perspective to that outlined in the article.
In a reflective exploration of the article by Colin McInnes, it becomes lucid that the author undertakes a thorough analysis of the period of tension in the western nations which led to the emergence of ‘the transformation of war’ and ‘new wars’. According to the author, war in the West during the twentieth century was dominated by the experience and the fear of total war. After the period of the Cold War, it was widely agreed upon by the major Western powers that the era of total war was over. However, there were several military operations in the West on a regular