Geographically, my kingdom of Egypt is relatively concentrated in the Nile River Valley, whereas the Indus Valley civilization is spread out over a vast area of divergent terrain, and thus the two cultures are developing differently from a different sense of physical space.
2000BCE-- I am happy to report that in Egypt, the predominant religious culture is polytheistic, and the afterlife remains very important. The gods and goddesses of Egypt are anthropomorphic in that they frequently possess human attributes. In the representations of their gods and goddesses, Egyptians often portray them as having the head of an animal and the body of a man or woman. Mesopotamian religion is similar, but the deities are anthropomorphic in that their society reflects the society of the Mesopotamians in their political structure, as they meet and discuss the fates and goings-on of the Mesopotamian people (History, 2010). They are a reflection of human society rather than being a separate realm apart from it.
1760BCE-- The unification of Mesopotamia under the Amorites was due to a large extent to the Code of Hammurabi, which presented the society with a codified legal system (History, 2010). The code shows that the quality of life during this time is closely bound with kinship and filial duty. Some of the more bloodthirsty aspects of this code such as the specified removal of a surgeon’s hand after an unsuccessful operation, along with a generally literal idea of “an eye for an eye” and the unbalanced powers of wives and husbands, seem to be somewhat inhumane, while the basic tenets of the Code of Hammurabi, including seeing that punishments fit crimes and that justice is served, do not seem so out of place at any time (History, 2010).
1600BC-- Sumer has collapsed due to farms failing; the saline levels of the soil have changed (History, 2010). In terms of risk, agriculture is vulnerable to the vagaries of nature and the