I would like to thank her for teaching me how to navigate through the ocean of knowledge.
I am equally overwhelmed by the unflinching support of all my other professors, lecturers and administrative staff and the library staff at the _____________ University and thank them profusely. Their slightest disarrangement would have distracted my focus from the research.
At the end, I pray the almighty whose invisible hands have guided me to successfully undertake this project. I sincerely hope that the project is useful to the society and help prosperity in its own way.
Accidents caused due to bird strike with aircraft are a congenital issue in the aviation industry and has been a cause of worry for the aviation fraternity due to the risk of life and property at stake. Though all the stakeholders have been contributing their might for solving it, yet the problem persists and even is seen to be on the rise. This paper examines the actors and factors responsible for bird-aircraft strike, the species vulnerable to such strikes, their pattern and seasonality. It also critically examines the efforts underway to minimize bird-aircraft strike hazard and the results achieved therein. Ultimately, it tries to establish the reason why bird-aircraft strikes are still on the rise despite rapid progress made in the aviation industry.
Bird-aircraft strike hazard (BASH) as it is called as, is a worldwide phenomena. Each year substantial loss of life and property is reported throughout the world due to bird-aircraft strike. An indication of the nature of the problem and the resulting loss of life and property can be understood by the fact that over 219 people have been killed world-wide due to bird-airstrike in the past 21 years. Worldwide, the annual damages caused by bird-airstrike have been estimated to be at 1.2 billion USD (Wikipedia, 2010).
From 1990-2004, USA airlines reported 31 incidents in which