However, juvenile justice has improved markedly over the last decades when compared to the earlier centuries in which young offenders were imposed harsh sentences not commensurate with their crimes. It was often…
The focus is no longer on punishment. A search for committed effective criminal justice practice is often hindered by an unwarranted certainty about what works regarding reformation of youth criminals. The best way to view the entire juvenile justice system is as a work in progress rather than something that is written on rock. Nothing is certain at this point on what works or not and it is very necessary to keep an open mind on new theories and one of these is a child rights-based framework (Cotter, 2006: 108)
The Children Act of 1908 established juvenile courts to try young offenders. It tried to stamp out infanticide by the introduction of foster parenthood in the country. This led to the establishment of orphanages for unwanted children and to keep them out of the workplace in which they could be mistreated by the new capitalist system. A law called Children and Young Persons Act of 1933 was more encompassing as it prohibited sale of liquor and cigarettes to persons under 16 years of age, letting them in the prostitution business, use them for begging in the streets or inflicting cruelty to them. Before this law, criminals below 18 years of age can be executed for serious crimes but it raised the criminal responsibility of a child from only 7 to 8 years of age. The Children Act of 1948 established childrens committees and authorities are mandated to receive vulnerable kids into their care (Batty, 2005: 1).
November 20, 1959 saw the adoption of the UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child and made this a universal celebration each year on this date. It expanded the original version from only 5 principles to a present 10. This was followed by the Children and Young Persons Act of 1969 that introduced more compulsory measures for the State to intervene in behalf of a child and to take over parental rights if necessary. It introduced a revolutionary concept of care and control through the use of care orders for criminal kids. ...
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“Criminal Justice - Youth Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/392341-criminal-justice-youth-justice.
Youth Justice Name Instructor Task Date The youthful populace is an exceedingly resourceful component in the societal context. Therefore, people ought to make certain that the youth have the capacity to grow. Therefore, there are numerous agencies concerned with youth dealings.
Thus it is very important that the youth should be nurtured in a way that they can be developed as positive and constructive members of the society with more positive outlook about life and society as a whole.
Considering the significance of the same, those youth who due to some reasons or other fall into the criminal activities or activities which can push them into the legal proceedings with the potential outcome of ending into jail, require special treatment from the society as a whole therefore those who deal with the youth justice need to have sound knowledge and ethical practical orientation in order to ensure that youth are properly rehabilitated and brought back to the society as co
Each report of youth crime sends shock waves to each society as nations, parents, the church begin to question whether the moral values they are imparting to their citizens especially the children are defective or insufficient. Consciences are pricked whenever today's youths show increasing propensity for violence and criminal behaviour.
According to the IPPR's report, if the youth justice system was going to "prevent offending by children and young people," it was going to have to give consideration to "the home circumstances and the quality of life of young offenders (Arthur 2004)." In response, England and Wales undertook the task of redesigning the youth justice system in an effort to make it more responsive to young offenders' needs.
After explaining the process of waiver to adult court, the importance of reinforcement in the juvenile justice system, related diversion programs and relevance of parole services in Washington State will be
This has seen an overhaul of approaches in community corrections, imprisonment, policing, adjudication and sentencing.
Children being brought up in areas prone to adult criminality are highly likely to experience behavioral problems
Native as well as migrant groups of the community have been overwhelmingly looked down upon by the racist authorities in the country’s bureaucratic line of law and order and criminal justice management. A largely significant proportion of the
The resources can either be healthcare, education, housing and even employment services. The reason for blocking these people from accessing such resources is connected to an individual’s educational status, childhood relationships, and social class (Hall and
This has led to a relatively higher number of the on-reserve Aboriginal youths engaging in various crimes in an attempt to secure resources for the benefits of their own welfare. Although a large number of the Aboriginal
Several theories have also been brought forward in an attempt to explain why they engage in such acts and activities. The Marxist deprivation theory and the behavioural theories provide a compelling insight into such trends and
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