is administered towards more rehabilitative efforts of reforming the criminals and integrating them back into society made it necessary they are given the means to get back on their feet. A modern version of this concept is not directed at an individual criminal but more on the crime syndicates by depriving them of their ill-gotten gains and compensate victims (Young 1).
There are two kinds of forfeitures being carried out today: criminal and civil cases. In the first case, criminal forfeitures are the result of a court settlement or a judicial award in that the convicted criminal is punished by taking away the assets after a conviction. In civil cases, the government files suit to recover a property item but not against the propertys owner. The owner himself is reduced to being a third-party claimant who has to prove the money used to buy or acquire the property came from legal or legitimate sources. The objectives of the new civil forfeiture laws are two-fold: deprive the criminals of the facilities and properties they use to commit their crime or furtherance of their criminal activities and use the proceeds of these seized properties to support law enforcement, such as hiring more cops or increasing a budget. An order for a civil forfeiture recovery case does not require a prior criminal conviction. The whole intent is to disable criminals from eventually resuming the activities (Edgeworth xxii).
The only requirement for filing a forfeiture case is probable cause a certain property is being used in criminal activities. A property owner, on the other hand, has to prove otherwise through a preponderance of evidence that it was acquired using legitimate sources of income. The new laws today reversed the situation in that it is now the government that has to prove it using a preponderance of evidence instead of the previous probable cause only that can be a source of abuse of power and arbitrariness on the part of law enforcement agencies. In other words, the
Civil forfeiture as a concept in jurisprudence had been used before to punish criminals but it came into disuse because it was a disproportionate punishment for a crime committed. A more modern version of the same principle was adopted by most countries in the world in an effort…
According to the research findings, financing terrorism is not a local or national activity or it cannot be linked to a specific country or location. It is an international matter as people all over the world are affected because of this criminal activity. Asset forfeiture is a step to control monetary upgrading of terrorists working all over the world.
Intelligence is essential when investigating organized crime. This is because; these criminal organizations have established rules and can operate with a military-like precision, with clearly defined chain of command. Several laws and decrees have been legislated over the past few years aimed at fighting drug trafficking and increasing penalties against drug dealers, drug traffickers and other drug related offenders.
What are the main constraints for the effective enforcement of the antimonopoly law in china?
Antimonopoly law in China was introduced following the restriction of competition mostly in sales and commercial activities, affecting the fair distribution of resources among the people of China, and its territories.
There is an overwhelming need for stringent law enforcement at global levels in order to reduce criminal and terrorists designs.
There are basically four types of teams for the achievement of goals and objectives of the organization and they are known as: 1.
computers and internet has not only redefined communication but it has also provided the home department with strong tool to track criminal activities and strengthen its mechanisms of criminal investigation for improved outcome. The use of technology has provided the law
At the very beginning, policing was considered more of a civic duty of community members keeping vigil at their immediate surroundings, often known as “kin police” (Schmalleger, 2009). This system was governed by the mentality of everyone being his
The organizational management of policing organization is different from the regular management structures we see in multinational companies. In policing organizations the role of leadership is more important as the leader serves both directive and emotional roles.
Any person meditating on joining any law enforcement must always consider the training period or hours it would take for him or her to graduate from the training facility. Training in matters attaching on stress management is highly important in enabling successful completion of the training program
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