Critically discuss the contribution of positivism to the study of society - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Critically discuss the contribution of positivism to the study of society

This paper would however move forward with narrowing its focus on epistemology, which is concerned about the sources, nature, and limitations of knowledge. Moreover, epistemology also attempts to look at the process of acquiring knowledge, differentiating between reliable and unreliable knowledge, nature of the knowledge and all other factors involved in the process. Epistemologists differ greatly, as they do in all other aspects of philosophy and there are different schools of thought in epistemology as well. Rationalism believes that knowledge comes with reason, thinking, and discovering ideas, knowledge or reality resides in the ideas, and ideas are “a priori” which come before experience. Empiricism believes that the source of knowledge remains experience and humans only have the access to the ideas of the things and not things. For having the knowledge, we need to use experience. Transcendental idealism is another school of thought, which tries to accommodate both empiricism and rationalism by saying that knowledge is something, which begins with experience and ends at the structural arrangement of knowledge in mind with the use of logic and reasoning. However, there are other schools of thought like intuitionism, authoritarianism, postmodern view and others but we once again narrow down or focus on empiricism since that concerns our rest of the decision.
Positivism is one of the most important concepts and developments in the empiricist school of thought, which holds the view that reliable knowledge is only attainable with proper experience and demands verification, very much similar to the scientific way of acquiring knowledge. Famous sociologist and philosopher Auguste Comte deserves all the credit for coming up with a comprehensive framework and layout for this term (Kaines, pp. 16-24, 1880). However, contributions from Hebert Spencer, Emile Durkenheim, and Charles Darwin have also been ...Show more


Moreover, this worldview would come with modifying the imperfections of human life. Philosophy is all about fitting it all together and steeping back to look at…
Author : yostfrankie
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Critically discuss the contribution of positivism to the study of society"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Positivism and Interpretivism
The following is an analysis of the similarities and differences between epistemology and ontology on the basis of positivism and interpretivism. To begin with, it is important to understand the concepts of positivism and interpretivism as the basis of epistemology and ontology.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The study of Society
But they are interesting and merit looking into. Biology gives shape to an entity and an object. The object may be animate or inanimate. They may be dependent or independent of each other. Their survival may depend on each other. The survival of one entity may depend on the extermination of the other.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Natural Law and Legal Positivism
The theory defines law as rules made by human beings whether deliberately or unintentionally, and that, these laws must be submissive to the rules of determinism. In this paper, I will describe ethical positivism as an alternative to the natural law and legal positivism.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Certain groups in society are more crime prone than others. Critically discuss how social inequality might contribute to crime amongst these populations.
Thus the objectives of this paper are: 1) to investigate the theoretical literature on the criminal predisposition; 2) to reveal the relationships between social inequality and crime; 3) to trace major factors determining the possibility of crime; 4) to see whether the
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
These problems were most evident in the legal systems of eighteenth century Europe. The classical criminology approach defined both a motive behind committing a crime, and methods for its control, and was an improvement of the justice system from the harsh and unlawful
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Raymond Williams and His Contribution to the Study of Culture
The importance of the conceptualisation of cultural materialism theorized by Williams is relevant in understanding the multi-dimensional perspectives of cultural studies in the sense that the notion of cultural materialism directed cultural theorists to expand their research also by exploring new areas.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Critically discuss the contribution that schools can make to childrens health and wellbeing.
Arguably, the school is an important institution in individual lives as it helps in building educational outcomes and creates opportunities for health improvement of students to assist them to be active and
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email